Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Guilbert M., Terray Pascal, Mignot Juliette. (2023). Intermodel spread of historical indian monsoon rainfall change in CMIP6 : the role of the Tropical Pacific mean state. Journal of Climate, 36 (12), 3937-3953. ISSN 0894-8755.

Titre du document
Intermodel spread of historical indian monsoon rainfall change in CMIP6 : the role of the Tropical Pacific mean state
Année de publication
Type de document
Article référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000995287900001
Guilbert M., Terray Pascal, Mignot Juliette
Journal of Climate, 2023, 36 (12), 3937-3953 ISSN 0894-8755
Robust projections of the Indian summer monsoon rainfall (ISMR) are critical as it provides 80% of the annual precipitation to more than 1 billion people who are very vulnerable to climate change. However, even over the his-torical period, state-of-the-art climate models have difficulties in reproducing the observed ISMR trends and are affected by a large intermodel spread, which questions the reliability of ISMR projections. Such uncertainty could come from inter-nal variability or model biases. Here, we study the impact of the latter on the historical forced change of ISMR in 34 mod-els from CMIP6. First, we show that models' biases over India do not significantly impact how they simulate the historical change of ISMR. However, we do find statistically significant relationships between ISMR historical forced changes and remote rainfall and temperature biases within the tropics by using a maximum covariance analysis (MCA). Our results highlight the key role of tropical Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) mean state biases as an important source of inter -model spread in the ISMR change. The physical mechanisms underlying these statistical relationships between ISMR change and the intermodel spread of Pacific SST biases are finally explored. We found that models having El Nino/ La Nina-like mean SST bias in the Pacific tend to exhibit El Nino/La Nina-like changes over the historical period, impacting ISMR through a shift in the Walker circulation and Rossby wave propagation across the Pacific.
Plan de classement
Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020] ; Sciences du milieu [021] ; Limnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032]
Description Géographique
Fonds IRD [F B010087771]
Identifiant IRD