Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

M'Madi S. A., Diarra Adama Zan, Almeras L., Parola P. (2022). Identification of ticks from an old collection by MALDI-TOF MS. Journal of Proteomics, 264, 104623 [13 p.]. ISSN 1874-3919.

Titre du document
Identification of ticks from an old collection by MALDI-TOF MS
Année de publication
Type de document
Article référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000814204300005
M'Madi S. A., Diarra Adama Zan, Almeras L., Parola P.
Journal of Proteomics, 2022, 264, 104623 [13 p.] ISSN 1874-3919
Objective of this study is to find the optimal conditions for preparing the samples, resulting in quality, reproducible and specific MS spectra of the ticks, with a shelf life in 70% ethanol of more than ten years. Amblyomma (Am.) variegatum species which had been stored in alcohol for more than twenty years and for which numerous specimens were available were used to compare the performance of four protocols tested. Spectra of insufficient quality were obtained from Am. variegatum legs preserved in alcohol for long periods with the reference protocol, named DO that we had set up years ago. The same observation was made on the spectra from Am. variegatum legs from dry (evaporated alcohol, DO-mod protocol). With new protocols named ReDO and PReDO the spectra were of good quality with high intensities (> 3000 a.u.). Blind testing showed that 94%, and 93% of the spectra were correctly identified with relevant log score values (LSVs >= 1.8), respectively for ReDO and PReDO protocols. All soft ticks treated in this study by PReDO protocol exhibited low intensity spectra with background noise. This study revealed that MALDI-TOF MS is able to identify hard ticks stored during decades in alcohol or dry (evaporated alcohol). Significance of the study: The correct identification of ticks, including vectors responsible for the transmission of infectious diseases in humans and animals is essential for their control. MALDI-TOF MS, a proteomic tool that has emerged in recent years, has become an innovative, accurate and alternative tool for the identification of arthropods, including ticks. However, previous studies reported that preservation of arthropods in alcohol modified the MS spectra obtained from specimens of the same species freshly collected or frozenly stored. In this study, a standard protocol was established for the identification of tick collections which had been stored for more than ten years in alcohol. Four different protocols were assessed. The analysis of the results showed that among the four protocols tested, two protocols named ReDO (Rehydration and incubation of the legs in 40 mu l of HPLC water for 12 h in a dry bath at 37 degrees) and PreDO (Drying of the legs for 12 h in a dry bath at 37 degrees C followed by rehydration and incubation in 40 mu l of HPLC water for 12 h.) seem to be more appropriate for the MALDI-TOF MS identification of ticks from old collections preserved in alcohol or dry. This study is promising for the future, as it will make it possible to create a MALDI-TOF MS database from a wide range of ticks which have been stored for a long time in alcohol or which are dry stored in laboratories and museums around the world.
Plan de classement
Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020] ; Entomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052]
Fonds IRD [F B010085371]
Identifiant IRD