Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Villamayor J., Khodri Myriam, Villalba R., Daux V. (2021). Causes of the long-term variability of southwestern South America precipitation in the IPSL-CM6A-LR model. Climate Dynamics, [Early access], p. [24 p.]. ISSN 0930-7575.

Titre du document
Causes of the long-term variability of southwestern South America precipitation in the IPSL-CM6A-LR model
Année de publication
Type de document
Article référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000650835400003
Villamayor J., Khodri Myriam, Villalba R., Daux V.
Climate Dynamics, 2021, [Early access], p. [24 p.] ISSN 0930-7575
Southwestern South America (SWSA) has undergone frequent and persistent droughts in recent decades with severe impacts on water resources, and consequently, on socio-economic activities at a sub-continental scale. The local drying trend in this region has been associated with the expansion of the subtropical drylands over the last decades. It has been shown that SWSA precipitation is linked to large-scale dynamics modulated by internal climate variability and external forcing. This work aims at unravelling the causes of this long-term trend toward dryness in the context of the emerging climate change relying on a large set simulations of the state-of-the-art IPSL-CM6A-LR climate model from the 6th phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. Our results identify the leading role of dynamical changes induced by external forcings, over the local thermodynamical effects and teleconnections with internal global modes of sea surface temperature. Our findings show that the simulated long-term changes of SWSA precipitation are dominated by externally forced anomalous expansion of the Southern Hemisphere Hadley Cell (HC) and a persistent positive Southern Annular Mode (SAM) trend since the late 1970s. Long-term changes in the HC extent and the SAM show strong co-linearity. They are attributable to stratospheric ozone depletion in austral spring-summer and increased atmospheric greenhouse gases all year round. Future ssp585 and ssp126 scenarios project a dominant role of anthropogenic forcings on the HC expansion and the subsequent SWSA drying, exceeding the threshold of extreme drought due to internal variability as soon as the 2040s, and suggest that these effects will persist until the end of the twenty-first century.
Plan de classement
Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
Description Géographique
Fonds IRD [F B010081459]
Identifiant IRD