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Moo-Millan J. I., Arnal A., Perez-Carrillo S., Hernandez-Andrade A., Ramirez-Sierra M. J., Rosado-Vallado M., Dumonteil E., Waleckx Etienne. (2019). Disentangling Trypanosoma cruzi transmission cycle dynamics through the identification of blood meal sources of natural populations of Triatoma dimidiata in Yucatan, Mexico. Parasites and Vectors, 12 (1), art. 572 [11 p.]. ISSN 1756-3305

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1186/s13071-019-3819-7

Titre
Disentangling Trypanosoma cruzi transmission cycle dynamics through the identification of blood meal sources of natural populations of Triatoma dimidiata in Yucatan, Mexico
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000501148700006
AuteursMoo-Millan J. I., Arnal A., Perez-Carrillo S., Hernandez-Andrade A., Ramirez-Sierra M. J., Rosado-Vallado M., Dumonteil E., Waleckx Etienne.
SourceParasites and Vectors, 2019, 12 (1), p. art. 572 [11 p.]. p. art. 572 [11 p.] ISSN 1756-3305
RésuméBackground In the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, Triatoma dimidiata is the main vector of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease. Little effort has been made to identify blood meal sources of T. dimidiata in natural conditions in this region, although this provides key information to disentangle T. cruzi transmission cycles and dynamics and guide the development of more effective control strategies. We identified the blood meals of a large sample of T. dimidiata bugs collected in different ecotopes simultaneously with the assessment of bug infection with T. cruzi, to disentangle the dynamics of T. cruzi transmission in the region. Methods A sample of 248 T. dimidiata bugs collected in three rural villages and in the sylvatic habitat surrounding these villages was used. DNA from each bug midgut was extracted and bug infection with T. cruzi was assessed by PCR. For blood meal identification, we used a molecular assay based on cloning and sequencing following PCR amplification with vertebrate universal primers, and allowing the detection of multiple blood meals in a single bug. Results Overall, 28.7% of the bugs were infected with T. cruzi, with no statistical difference between bugs from the villages or from sylvatic ecotopes. Sixteen vertebrate species including domestic, synanthropic and sylvatic animals, were identified as blood meal sources for T. dimidiata. Human, dog and cow were the three main species identified, in bugs collected in the villages as well as in sylvatic ecotopes. Importantly, dog was highlighted as the main blood meal source after human. Dog was also the most frequently identified animal together with human within single bugs, and tended to be associated with the infection of the bugs. Conclusions Dog, human and cow were identified as the main mammals involved in the connection of sylvatic and domestic transmission cycles in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Dog appeared as the most important animal in the transmission pathway of T. cruzi to humans, but other domestic and synanthropic animals, which most were previously reported as important hosts of T. cruzi in the region, were evidenced and should be taken into account as part of integrated control strategies aimed at disrupting parasite transmission.
Plan de classementEntomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052] ; Santé : généralités [050] ; Sciences du monde animal [080]
Descr. géo.MEXIQUE ; YUCATAN
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010077417]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010077417
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010077417

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