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Whitt D. B., Levy Marina, Taylor J. R. (2019). Submesoscales enhance storm-driven vertical mixing of nutrients : insights from a biogeochemical large eddy simulation. Journal of Geophysical Research : Oceans, [Early access], [26 p.]. ISSN 2169-9275

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1029/2019jc015370

Titre
Submesoscales enhance storm-driven vertical mixing of nutrients : insights from a biogeochemical large eddy simulation
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000497603400001
AuteursWhitt D. B., Levy Marina, Taylor J. R.
SourceJournal of Geophysical Research : Oceans, 2019, [Early access], p. [26 p.]. p. [26 p.] ISSN 2169-9275
RésuméStorms deepen the mixed layer, entrain nutrients from the pycnocline, and fuel phytoplankton blooms in midlatitude oceans. However, the effects of oceanic submesoscale (0.1-10 km horizontal scale) physical heterogeneity on the physical-biogeochemical response to a storm are not well understood. Here, we explore these effects numerically in a Biogeochemical Large Eddy Simulation (BLES), where a four-component biogeochemical model is coupled with a physical model that resolves some submesoscales and some smaller turbulent scales (2 km to 2 m) in an idealized storm forcing scenario. Results are obtained via comparisons to BLES in smaller domains that do not resolve submesoscales and to one-dimensional column simulations with the same biogeochemical model, initial conditions, and boundary conditions but parameterized turbulence and submesoscales. These comparisons show different behaviors during and shortly after the storm. During the storm, resolved submesoscales double the vertical nutrient flux. The vertical diffusivity is increased by a factor of 10 near the mixed layer base, and the mixing-induced increase in potential energy is double. Resolved submesoscales also enhance horizontal nutrient and phytoplankton variance by a factor of 10. After the storm, resolved submesoscales maintain higher nutrient and phytoplankton variance within the mixed layer. However, submesoscales reduce net vertical nutrient fluxes by 50% and nearly shut off the turbulent diffusivity. Over the whole scenario, resolved submesoscales double storm-driven biological production. Current parameterizations of submesoscales and turbulence fail to capture both the enhanced nutrient flux during the storm and the enhanced biological production. Key Points Physical/biogeochemical large eddy simulations show that submesoscales enhance turbulent mixing and net community production during a storm Submesoscales suppress mixed-layer turbulence after the storm and facilitate the formation of vertical gradients of phytoplankton Ocean models with grid spacings <2 km and common submesoscale and turbulence parameterizations fail to capture enhanced mixing or production
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032] ; Ecologie, systèmes aquatiques [036]
Descr. géo.ATLANTIQUE NORD
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010077352]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010077352
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010077352

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