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Carpentier A. S., Berthe C., Ender I., Jaine F. R. A., Mourier Johann, Stevens G., De Rosemont M., Clua E. (2019). Preliminary insights into the population characteristics and distribution of reef (Mobula alfredi) and oceanic (M. birostris) manta rays in French Polynesia [+ Correction p. 1353]. Coral Reefs, 38 (6), 1197-1210 [+ Correction p. 1353]. ISSN 0722-4028

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Titre
Preliminary insights into the population characteristics and distribution of reef (Mobula alfredi) and oceanic (M. birostris) manta rays in French Polynesia [+ Correction p. 1353]
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000496024100010
AuteursCarpentier A. S., Berthe C., Ender I., Jaine F. R. A., Mourier Johann, Stevens G., De Rosemont M., Clua E.
SourceCoral Reefs, 2019, 38 (6), p. 1197-1210 [+ Correction p. 1353]. ISSN 0722-4028
RésuméIn French Polynesia, both currently recognized manta ray species, Mobula alfredi and M. birostris, are observed. Despite being an important cultural asset and generating significant economic benefits through manta ray watching tourism, published data on the ecology and threats to these species in the region are scarce. Based on an 18-year dataset of sighting records collected by citizen scientists and during two scientific expeditions, this study provides the first insights into the population characteristics and regional distribution of the two manta ray species in French Polynesia. A total of 1347 manta ray photographs (1337 for M. alfredi and 10 for M. birostris) were examined for the period January 2001-December 2017, with photo-identification techniques leading to the successful identification of 317 individual M. alfredi and 10 individual M. birostris throughout the Society, Tuamotu and Marquesas Islands. We provide the first confirmation of sympatric distribution of both species in the Society Islands. Our results highlight strong and long-term site fidelity of M. alfredi individuals to certain aggregation sites (> 9 years for 16 individuals) and reveal some degree of connectivity between populations, with 10 individuals recorded moving between islands located up to 50 km apart. Analysis of photographs of individuals bearing sub-lethal injuries (n = 68) suggests that M. alfredi are more likely to be injured at inhabited islands (Maupiti or Bora Bora; 75% of all injured individuals) than at uninhabited islands, with 75% of injuries related to boat propeller strikes and fishing gear entanglements. Our findings emphasize the need for further research to allow for a comprehensive evaluation of population structure, size and threats to manta rays in this region.
Plan de classementLimnologie biologique / Océanographie biologique [034] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.POLYNESIE FRANCAISE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010077338]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010077338
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010077338

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