Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Rocquelin Gérard, Tapsoba S., Dop Marie-Claude, Mbemba F., Traissac Pierre, Martin-Prével Yves. (1997). Fat content and essential fatty acid (EFA) composition of Congolese mature breast milk are influenced by mothers' nutritional status : poster. In : International congress of nutrition. Montpellier (FRA) ; Genève : ORSTOM ; OMS, 1 p. International Congress of Nutrition, 16., Montréal (CAN), 1997/07/27.

Titre du document
Fat content and essential fatty acid (EFA) composition of Congolese mature breast milk are influenced by mothers' nutritional status : poster
Année de publication
1997
Type de document
Colloque
Auteurs
Rocquelin Gérard, Tapsoba S., Dop Marie-Claude, Mbemba F., Traissac Pierre, Martin-Prével Yves
In
International congress of nutrition
Source
Montpellier (FRA) ; Genève : ORSTOM ; OMS, 1997, 1 p.
Colloque
International Congress of Nutrition, 16., Montréal (CAN), 1997/07/27
Breast milk samples of Congolese women (n = 102) nursing 5 mo-old infants and living in Talangaï, a suburban district of Brazzaville, were collected and analyzed for their fat content and fatty acid (FA) composition. Mothers were questioned on their dietary habits. Compared with breast milk from various developed or developing countries ; Congolese mature breast milk was low in fat (28.70 plus or minus 11.33 g/L) but rich in 8:0-14:0 FAs (25.97 plus or minus 8.17% of total FAs) and in polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs), particularly in n-3 PUFAs (2.39 plus or minus 0.68% of total FAs, mainly 18:3 and 22:6). No 18:1 trans was detected. This was associated with the frequent consumption by the mothers of high-carbohydrate foods (processed cassava roots, wheat bread, doughnuts) known to enhance 8:0-14:0 FA biosynthesis, and with that of foods providing n-6 and n-3 EFAs such as freshwater and saltwater fish, vegetable oils, green leafy vegetables, and high-fat fruit (peanuts, avocado, safou). These foods were traditionally and locally produced. Milk fat content was negatively related with mothers' BMI (body mass index) and varied with the frequency of consumption of certain foods corresponding to distinct dietary patterns. (Résumé d'auteur)
Plan de classement
Enquêtes nutritionnelles et surveillance nutritionnelles [054EPINUT02]
Descripteurs
SURVEILLANCE NUTRITIONNELLE ; LAIT MATERNEL ; TABLE DE COMPOSITION ; ACIDE GRAS ; COUTUME ALIMENTAIRE ; ENQUETE NUTRITIONNELLE ; BMI.BODY MASS INDEX ; FEMME ALLAITANTE
Description Géographique
CONGO ; BRAZZAVILLE
Localisation
Fonds IRD [F B010021789] ; Montpellier (Centre IRD)
Identifiant IRD
fdi:010021789
Contact
  • Coordonnées :
    IST / IRD Ile-de-France
    32 avenue Henri Varagnat
    93140 Bondy Cedex
    France
    Horizon Pleins textes
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