Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Bromley J., Edmunds W.M., Fellman E., Brouwer J., Gaze S.R., Sudlow J., Taupin Jean-Denis. (1997). Estimation of rainfall inputs and direct recharge to the deep unsaturated zone of Southern Niger using the chloride profile method. In : Goutorbe J.P. (ed.), Dolman A.J. (ed.), Gash J.H.C. (ed.), Kerr Y.H. (ed.), Lebel Thierry (ed.), Prince S.D. (ed.), Stricker J.N.M. (ed.). HAPEX-Sahel. Journal of Hydrology, 188-189, p. 139-154.

Titre du document
Estimation of rainfall inputs and direct recharge to the deep unsaturated zone of Southern Niger using the chloride profile method
Année de publication
1997
Type de document
Article
Auteurs
Bromley J., Edmunds W.M., Fellman E., Brouwer J., Gaze S.R., Sudlow J., Taupin Jean-Denis
In
Goutorbe J.P. (ed.), Dolman A.J. (ed.), Gash J.H.C. (ed.), Kerr Y.H. (ed.), Lebel Thierry (ed.), Prince S.D. (ed.), Stricker J.N.M. (ed.), HAPEX-Sahel
Source
Journal of Hydrology, 1997, 188-189, p. 139-154
An estimate of direct groundwater recharge below a region of natural woodland (tiger bush) has been made in south-west Niger using the solute profile technique. Data has been collected from a 77 m deep well dug within the study area covered by HAPEX-Sahel (Hydrological and Atmospheric Pilot Experiment), an international large-scale energy, water and carbon balance experiment carried out during the summer of 1992. During well construction samples were taken from the unsatured zone at the following intervals : every 25 cm from 0-10 m, every 50 cm from 10-62.5 m, then every metre to the bottom of the well. Pore water was extracted from each sample either by centrifugation or elutriation and analysed for chloride ; moisture contents of samples were obtained gravimetrically. These data have been used to produce depth profiles of pore water chloride concentration and moisture content throughout the unsaturated zone. From these profiles it has been possible to derive an estimate of historic direct recharge at the site. The chloride concentration of rainfall, which is required to make the estimate, was determined from the analysis of 123 rainfall samples collected from five EPSAT (vers une Estimation des Précipitations par Satellite au Sahel) rain gauges in 1992. A mean recharge rate of 13 mm/year (range 10-19 mm) is estimated for the upper 70 m of the profile, with a total residence time of 790 years (range 520-990 years). This is considered to be a representative estimate of the magnitude of direct recharge taking place below tiger bush areas. (Résumé d'auteur)
Plan de classement
Dynamique de l'eau à l'interface sol-plante-atmosphère [062MECEAU02]
Descripteurs
REGIME HYDROLOGIQUE ; PLUVIOMETRIE ; EAU DU SOL ; ESTIMATION ; ACQUISITION DE DONNEES ; METHODOLOGIE ; HUMIDITE DU SOL ; CHLORURE ; BROUSSE TIGREE
Description Géographique
ZONE SAHELIENNE
Localisation
Fonds IRD [F B010015688]
Identifiant IRD
fdi:010015688
Contact
  • Coordonnées :
    IST / IRD Ile-de-France
    32 avenue Henri Varagnat
    93140 Bondy Cedex
    France
    Horizon Pleins textes
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