Oedin M., Brescia F., Vidal Eric, Millon A. (2022). Make flying-fox hunting sustainable again : comparing expected demographic effectiveness and hunters' acceptance of more restrictive regulations. Ambio, 51, 1078-1089. ISSN 0044-7447.
Titre du document
Make flying-fox hunting sustainable again : comparing expected demographic effectiveness and hunters' acceptance of more restrictive regulations
Hunting is a major threat to many species of wildlife. However, managing hunting systems to ensure their sustainability requires a thorough demographic knowledge about the impact of hunting. Here we develop a framework integrating ecological, modelling and sociological data to achieve a sustainability assessment of flying-fox hunting in New Caledonia and assess the relative merits of alternative management policies. Using age-specific stochastic population models, we found that the current annual hunting rate [5.5-8.5%] is likely to lead to a severe decline (- 79%) of Pteropus populations over the next 30 years. However, a majority of hunters surveyed (60%) were willing to soften their practices, offering an opportunity for adaptive management. Recurrent temporary hunting ban (at least 1 year out of 2) in combination with protected areas (>= 25%) appears as the most effective and most accepted management option. Our integrative approach appears to be a promising method for ensuring that traditional hunting systems can remain sustainable in a rapidly changing world.
Plan de classement
Sciences du monde animal 
Etudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel 
Société, développement social