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Meunier V., Bonnet Sophie, Camps M., Benavides Mar, Dubosc J., Rodolfo-Metalpa Riccardo, Houlbrèque Fanny. (2022). Ingestion of diazotrophs makes corals more resistant to heat stress. Biomolecules, 12 (4), p. 537 [13 p.].

Titre du document
Ingestion of diazotrophs makes corals more resistant to heat stress
Année de publication
2022
Type de document
Article référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000787056700001
Auteurs
Meunier V., Bonnet Sophie, Camps M., Benavides Mar, Dubosc J., Rodolfo-Metalpa Riccardo, Houlbrèque Fanny
Source
Biomolecules, 2022, 12 (4), p. 537 [13 p.]
Over the past decade, coral bleaching events have continued to recur and intensify. During bleaching, corals expel millions of their symbionts, depriving the host from its main food source. One mechanism used by corals to resist bleaching consists in exploiting food sources other than autotrophy. Among the food sources available in the reefs, dinitrogen (N-2)-fixing prokaryotes or planktonic diazotrophs (hereafter called 'PD') have the particularity to reduce atmospheric dinitrogen (N-2) and release part of this nitrogen (diazotroph-derived nitrogen or DDN) in bioavailable form. Here, we submitted coral colonies of Stylophora pistillata, fed or not with planktonic diazotrophs, to a temperature stress of up to 31 +/- 0.5 degrees C and measured their physiological responses (photosynthetic efficiency, symbiont density, and growth rates). Heat-unfed colonies died 8 days after the heat stress while heat-PD-fed corals remained alive after 10 days of heat stress. The supply of PD allowed corals to maintain minimal chlorophyll concentration and symbiont density, sustaining photosynthetic efficiency and stimulating coral growth of up to 48% compared to unfed ones. By providing an alternative source of bioavailable nitrogen and carbon, this specific planktonic diazotroph feeding may have a profound potential for coral bleaching recovery.
Plan de classement
Sciences du milieu [021] ; Limnologie biologique / Océanographie biologique [034]
Identifiant IRD
fdi:010084713
Contact
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