Villagomez G. N., Nurnberger F., Requier Fabrice, Schiele S., Steffan-Dewenter I. (2021). Effects of temperature and photoperiod on the seasonal timing of Western honey bee colonies and an early spring flowering plant. Ecology and Evolution, [Early access], p. [16 p.]. ISSN 2045-7758.
Titre du document
Effects of temperature and photoperiod on the seasonal timing of Western honey bee colonies and an early spring flowering plant
Villagomez G. N., Nurnberger F., Requier Fabrice, Schiele S., Steffan-Dewenter I.
Ecology and Evolution, 2021,
[Early access], p. [16 p.] ISSN 2045-7758
Temperature and photoperiod are important Zeitgebers for plants and pollinators to synchronize growth and reproduction with suitable environmental conditions and their mutualistic interaction partners. Global warming can disturb this temporal synchronization since interacting species may respond differently to new combinations of photoperiod and temperature under future climates, but experimental studies on the potential phenological responses of plants and pollinators are lacking. We simulated current and future combinations of temperature and photoperiod to assess effects on the overwintering and spring phenology of an early flowering plant species (Crocus sieberi) and the Western honey bee (Apis mellifera). We could show that increased mean temperatures in winter and early spring advanced the flowering phenology of C. sieberi and intensified brood rearing activity of A. mellifera but did not advance their brood rearing activity. Flowering phenology of C. sieberi also relied on photoperiod, while brood rearing activity of A. mellifera did not. The results confirm that increases in temperature can induce changes in phenological responses and suggest that photoperiod can also play a critical role in these responses, with currently unknown consequences for real-world ecosystems in a warming climate.
Plan de classement
Sciences du milieu 
Sciences du monde végétal 
Sciences du monde animal