Carreau Julie, Guinot V. (2021). A PCA spatial pattern based artificial neural network downscaling model for urban flood hazard assessment. Advances in Water Resources, 147, 103821 [15 p.]. ISSN 0309-1708.
Titre du document
A PCA spatial pattern based artificial neural network downscaling model for urban flood hazard assessment
Année de publication
Carreau Julie, Guinot V.
Advances in Water Resources, 2021,
147, 103821 [15 p.] ISSN 0309-1708
We present two statistical models for downscaling flood hazard indicators derived from upscaled shallow water simulations. These downscaling models are based on the decomposition of hazard indicators into linear combinations of spatial patterns obtained from a Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are used to model the relationship between low resolution (LR) and high resolution (HR) information drawn from hazard indicators. In both statistical models, the PCA features, i.e. the linear weights of the spatial patterns, of the LR hazard indicator are taken as inputs to the ANNs. In the first model, there is one ANN per HR cell where the hazard indicator is to be estimated and the output of the ANN is the hazard indicator value at that cell. In the second model, there is a single ANN for the whole HR mesh whose outputs are the PCA features of the HR hazard indicator. An estimate of the hazard indicator is obtained by combining the ANN's outputs with the HR spatial patterns. The two statistical downscaling models are evaluated and compared at estimating the water depth and the norm of the unit discharge, two common hazard indicators, on simulations from five synthetic urban configurations and one field-test case. Analyses are carried out in terms of relative absolute errors of the statistical downscaling model with respect to the LR hazard indicator. They show that (i) both statistical downscaling models provide estimates that are more accurate than the LR hazard indicator in most cases and (ii) the second downscaling model yields consistently lower errors for both hazard indicators for all flow scenarios on all configurations considered. The statistical models are three orders of magnitude faster than HR flow simulations. Used in conjunction with upscaled flood models such as porosity models, they appear as a promising operational alternative to direct flood hazard assessment from HR flow simulations.
Plan de classement
Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche 
Urbanisation et sociétés urbaines