Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Bani Philipson, Kristianto, Kunrat S., Syahbana D. K. (2020). Insights into the recurrent energetic eruptions that drive Awu, among the deadliest volcanoes on Earth. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 20 (8), p. 2119-2132. ISSN 1561-8633.

Titre du document
Insights into the recurrent energetic eruptions that drive Awu, among the deadliest volcanoes on Earth
Année de publication
2020
Type de document
Article référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000562029800001
Auteurs
Bani Philipson, Kristianto, Kunrat S., Syahbana D. K.
Source
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 2020, 20 (8), p. 2119-2132 ISSN 1561-8633
The little-known Awu volcano (Sangihe Islands, Indonesia) is among the deadliest, with a cumulative death toll of 11 048. In less than 4 centuries, 18 eruptions were recorded, including two VEI 4 and three VEI 3 eruptions with worldwide impacts. The regional geodynamic setting is controlled by a divergent-double-subduction collision and an arc-arc collision. In that context, the slab stalls in the mantle, undergoes an increase in temperature, and becomes prone to melting, a process that sustained the magmatic supply. Awu also has the particularity of hosting alternatively and simultaneously a lava dome and a crater lake throughout its activity. The lava dome passively erupted through the crater lake and induced strong water evaporation from the crater. A conduit plug associated with this dome emplacement subsequently channeled the gas emission to the crater wall. However, with the lava dome cooling, the high annual rainfall eventually reconstituted the crater lake and created a hazardous situation on Awu. Indeed with a new magma injection, rapid pressure buildup may pulverize the conduit plug and the lava dome, allowing lake water injection and subsequent explosive water-magma interaction. The past vigorous eruptions are likely induced by these phenomena, possible scenarios for future events.
Plan de classement
Géophysique interne [066]
Description Géographique
INDONESIE ; SANGIHE ILES ; AWU VOLCAN
Localisation
Fonds IRD [F B010079544]
Identifiant IRD
fdi:010079544
Contact
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