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Defrance Dimitri, Catry Thibault, Rajaud A., Dessay Nadine, Sultan Benjamin. (2020). Impacts of Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheet melt on future Koppen climate zone changes simulated by an atmospheric and oceanic general circulation model. Applied Geography, 119, art. 102216 [13 p.] ISSN 0143-6228

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2020.102216

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Titre
Impacts of Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheet melt on future Koppen climate zone changes simulated by an atmospheric and oceanic general circulation model
Année de publication2020
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000541867800001
AuteursDefrance Dimitri, Catry Thibault, Rajaud A., Dessay Nadine, Sultan Benjamin.
SourceApplied Geography, 2020, 119, art. 102216 [13 p.] ISSN 0143-6228
RésuméClimate change studies in recent decades have been based on Global Climate Models (GCMs), and the changes in the distribution of climatic regions over time extracted from these models can be represented using the Koppen climatic classification system, which predicts the global distribution of biomes based on monthly precipitation and average temperatures. In this study, the Koppen classification is used to evaluate the impacts of the melting of the Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheets on GCM simulation results, on regional and global scales. To assess the impacts of accelerated ice sheet melting, an approach is utilized which is based on numerical simulations from the IPSL-CM5A-LR GCM; here, freshwater is introduced near the ice sheets and is superimposed on the RCP8.5 scenario. The changes in the distribution of the Koppen climatic regions under various scenarios (a historical run from observations, RCP8.5, and various examples of polar ice sheet melting) and comparisons between them reveal that major changes will occur on the global scale during the period 2041-2060. The analysis of group shifts within the Koppen classification system reveals that when freshwater from Greenland or Antarctica is introduced into the ocean, the inter-tropical belt undergoes greater change than it does under the RCP8.5 scenario. A focus on sub-group shifts within the Koppen classification system shows that changes in precipitation have major impacts on the climate in the Southern Hemisphere. Further, the changes are more drastic if the freshwater originates from Greenland than from Antarctica or from both locations. However, changes in temperature strongly impact the climate in the Northern Hemisphere and are significantly affected by the melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet. This study highlights the importance of considering ice sheet melting in the modeling of future global climate.
Plan de classementSciences du milieu [021] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020] ; Limnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032]
Descr. géo.MONDE ; GROENLAND ; ANTARCTIQUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010079119]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010079119
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010079119

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