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Vial Thomas, Tan W. L., Xiang B. W. W., Missé Dorothée, Deharo Eric, Marti G., Pompon Julien. (2019). Dengue virus reduces AGPAT1 expression to alter phospholipids and enhance infection in Aedes aegypti. PLoS Pathogens, 15 (12), [23 p.]. ISSN 1553-7366

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1008199

Titre
Dengue virus reduces AGPAT1 expression to alter phospholipids and enhance infection in Aedes aegypti
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000507327900034
AuteursVial Thomas, Tan W. L., Xiang B. W. W., Missé Dorothée, Deharo Eric, Marti G., Pompon Julien.
SourcePLoS Pathogens, 2019, 15 (12), p. [23 p.]. p. [23 p.] ISSN 1553-7366
RésuméAuthor summary Dengue is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions, and has now encroached onto temperate regions because of the geographic expansion of its vector, Aedes aegypti. In the absence of effective vaccine and curative drug, the sole intervention relies on containment strategies using insecticide. However, occurrence of insecticide resistance diminishes vector control efficacy. Here, we explore the nascent field of mosquito metabolomics as part of our discovery effort for new transmission-blocking targets. Dengue virus (DENV) relies on host metabolome, specifically the lipid membrane to complete its life-cycle. However, little is known about how DENV subverts the mosquito physiology. Using high-resolution mass spectrometry, we described metabolic changes incurred by DENV throughout the mosquito cycle, from cellular replication onset to systemic infection. Membrane phospholipids were highly reconfigured and were associated with reduced expression of AGPAT1, an enzyme involved in their biogenesis. AGPAT1 depletion partially recapitulated DENV-induced metabolic reconfiguration and enhanced infection by maintaining high phospholipid concentrations. These phospholipids were then consumed/redirected later in the mosquito DENV cycle. Our work comprehensively describes metabolic changes associated with DENV infection. In addition, we reveal how DENV subdues the lipidome for its benefit by demonstrating the role of phospholipids in mosquito infection. More than half of the world population is at risk of dengue virus (DENV) infection because of the global distribution of its mosquito vectors. DENV is an envelope virus that relies on host lipid membranes for its life-cycle. Here, we characterized how DENV hijacks the mosquito lipidome to identify targets for novel transmission-blocking interventions. To describe metabolic changes throughout the mosquito DENV cycle, we deployed a Liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) workflow including spectral similarity annotation in cells, midguts and whole mosquitoes at different times post infection. We revealed a major aminophospholipid reconfiguration with an overall early increase, followed by a reduction later in the cycle. We phylogenetically characterized acylglycerolphosphate acyltransferase (AGPAT) enzyme isoforms to identify those that catalyze a rate-limiting step in phospholipid biogenesis, the acylation of lysophosphatidate to phosphatidate. We showed that DENV infection decreased AGPAT1, but did not alter AGPAT2 expression in cells, midguts and mosquitoes. Depletion of either AGPAT1 or AGPAT2 increased aminophospholipids and partially recapitulated DENV-induced reconfiguration before infection in vitro. However, only AGPAT1 depletion promoted infection by maintaining high aminophospholipid concentrations. In mosquitoes, AGPAT1 depletion also partially recapitulated DENV-induced aminophospholipid increase before infection and enhanced infection by maintaining high aminophospholipid concentrations. These results indicate that DENV inhibition of AGPAT1 expression promotes infection by increasing aminophospholipids, as observed in the mosquito's early DENV cycle. Furthermore, in AGPAT1-depleted mosquitoes, we showed that enhanced infection was associated with increased consumption/redirection of aminophospholipids. Our study suggests that DENV regulates aminophospholipids, especially phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, by inhibiting AGPAT1 expression to increase aminophospholipid availability for virus multiplication.
Plan de classementEntomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010077820]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010077820
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010077820

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