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Benjlil H., Elkassemi K., Hamza M. A., Mateille Thierry, Furze J. N., Cherifi K., Mayad E., Ferji Z. (2020). Plant-parasitic nematodes parasitizing saffron in Morocco : structuring drivers and biological risk identification. Applied Soil Ecology, 147, art. 103362 [10 p.]. ISSN 0929-1393

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2019.103362

Titre
Plant-parasitic nematodes parasitizing saffron in Morocco : structuring drivers and biological risk identification
Année de publication2020
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000505575100008
AuteursBenjlil H., Elkassemi K., Hamza M. A., Mateille Thierry, Furze J. N., Cherifi K., Mayad E., Ferji Z.
SourceApplied Soil Ecology, 2020, 147, p. art. 103362 [10 p.]. p. art. 103362 [10 p.] ISSN 0929-1393
RésuméPlant-parasitic nematodes (PPN) are the most destructive of all plant pathogens. They are an economically important group of soil pathogens, causing significant annual damages of up to 25% of world crop production. Morocco is considered to be a highly productive country for the colorant/medicinal/spice saffron (Crocus sativus L.). Taliouine and Taznakht regions are the most productive areas of this valuable neutraceutical. Due to its metabolic profile, and growth forms, saffron is susceptible to many plant diseases, including plant-parasitic nematodes (PPN). This work aims to assess the diversity of PPN communities in soils of Taliouine and Taznakht regions to facilitate understanding of links between their assemblages with biotic and abiotic parameters. Herein, nematode communities were characterized in 163 soil samples collected from 11 rural communes characterized by altitudinal gradients in Taliouine and Taznakht regions. Fifteen PPN genera belonging to 12 families were identified, among which the four genera Ditylenchus, Aphelenchoides, Pratylenchus and Helicotylenchus, potentiate serious limiting factors in saffron production. Their frequencies are respectively 92, 49, 48 and 36% in the area of Taliouine, while in Taznakht they represent 95, 69, 33, and 28% respectively. Regarding the assessment of diversity at different sites, the genus richness (R) index ranges from 2 to 10 distinct genera, whereas the Shannon diversity (H') index varies from 0.9 to 1.5 and the Evenness (E) index tends to 1. The Co-inertia analyses revealed a substantial relationship between nematode communities and soil types. Soil texture is the major factor influencing the presence and the abundance of a considerable portion of genera. Multivariate analyses (MBPLS) indicated links between humidity, rainfall, minimum temperature and PPN taxa, though maximum temperature did not have an impact. Ditylenchus, Helicotylenchus, Pratylenchus and Paratylenchus were related to the humidity and silt soil that developed in Taliouine. Aphelenchoides, Tylenchus, Tylenchorynchus and Dorylaimus were more prevalent in rainy locations and clay soils of Taznakht. Suitable nematode controlling approaches may be applied and preventative measures should be considered at nursery and field level.
Plan de classementSciences du monde végétal [076] ; Pédologie [068] ; Biologie du sol [074]
Descr. géo.MAROC
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010077753]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010077753
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010077753

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