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Djossinou D. R. A., Savy Mathilde, Fanou-Fogny N., Landais Edwige, Accrombessi M., Briand Valérie, Yovo E., Hounhouigan D. J., Gartner Agnès, Martin-Prével Yves. (2019). Changes in women's dietary diversity before and during pregnancy in Southern Benin. Maternal and Child Nutrition, [Early access), e12906 [12 p.]. ISSN 1740-8695

Fichier PDF disponiblehttp://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers20-01/010077434.pdf[ PDF Link ]

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1111/mcn.12906

Titre
Changes in women's dietary diversity before and during pregnancy in Southern Benin
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000502285500001
AuteursDjossinou D. R. A., Savy Mathilde, Fanou-Fogny N., Landais Edwige, Accrombessi M., Briand Valérie, Yovo E., Hounhouigan D. J., Gartner Agnès, Martin-Prével Yves.
SourceMaternal and Child Nutrition, 2019, [Early access), p. e12906 [12 p.]. p. e12906 [12 p.] ISSN 1740-8695
RésuméDietary diversity before and during pregnancy is crucial to ensure optimal foetal health and development. We carried out a cohort study of women of reproductive age living in the So-Ava and Abomey-Calavi districts (Southern Benin) to investigate women's changes in dietary diversity and identify their determinants both before and during pregnancy. Nonpregnant women were enrolled (n = 1214) and followed up monthly until they became pregnant (n = 316), then every 3 months during pregnancy. One 24-hr dietary recall was administered before conception and during each trimester of pregnancy. Women's dietary diversity scores (WDDS) were computed, defined as the number of food groups out of a list of 10 consumed by the women during the past 24 hr. The analysis included 234 women who had complete data. Mixed-effects linear regression models were used to examine changes in the WDDS over the entire follow-up, while controlling for the season, subdistrict, socio-demographic, and economic factors. At preconception, the mean WDDS was low (4.3 +/- 1.1 food groups), and the diet was mainly composed of cereals, oils, vegetables, and fish. The mean WDDS did not change during pregnancy and was equally low at all trimesters. Parity and household wealth index were positively associated with the WDDS before and during pregnancy in the multivariate analysis. Additional research is needed to better understand perceptions of food consumption among populations, and more importantly, efforts must be made to encourage women and communities in Benin to improve the diversity of their diets before and during pregnancy.
Plan de classementNutrition, alimentation [054]
Descr. géo.BENIN
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010077434]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010077434
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010077434

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