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Devaux C. A., Mediannikov Oleg, Medkour H., Raoult D. (2019). Infectious disease risk across the growing human-non human primate interface : a review of the evidence. Frontiers in Public Health, 7, art. 305 [22 p.].

Fichier PDF disponiblehttp://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers19-12/010077361.pdf[ PDF Link ]

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.3389/fpubh.2019.00305

Titre
Infectious disease risk across the growing human-non human primate interface : a review of the evidence
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000498226700001
AuteursDevaux C. A., Mediannikov Oleg, Medkour H., Raoult D.
SourceFrontiers in Public Health, 2019, 7, p. art. 305 [22 p.]. p. art. 305 [22 p.]
RésuméMost of the human pandemics reported to date can be classified as zoonoses. Among these, there is a long history of infectious diseases that have spread from non-human primates (NHP) to humans. For millennia, indigenous groups that depend on wildlife for their survival were exposed to the risk of NHP pathogens' transmission through animal hunting and wild meat consumption. Usually, exposure is of no consequence or is limited to mild infections. In rare situations, it can be more severe or even become a real public health concern. Since the emergence of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), nobody can ignore that an emerging infectious diseases (EID) might spread from NHP into the human population. In large parts of Central Africa and Asia, wildlife remains the primary source of meat and income for millions of people living in rural areas. However, in the past few decades the risk of exposure to an NHP pathogen has taken on a new dimension. Unprecedented breaking down of natural barriers between NHP and humans has increased exposure to health risks for a much larger population, including people living in urban areas. There are several reasons for this: (i) due to road development and massive destruction of ecosystems for agricultural needs, wildlife and humans come into contact more frequently; (ii) due to ecological awareness, many long distance travelers are in search of wildlife discovery, with a particular fascination for African great apes; (iii) due to the attraction for ancient temples and mystical practices, others travelers visit Asian places colonized by NHP. In each case, there is a risk of pathogen transmission through a bite or another route of infection. Beside the individual risk of contracting a pathogen, there is also the possibility of starting a new pandemic. This article reviews the known cases of NHP pathogens' transmission to humans whether they are hunters, travelers, ecotourists, veterinarians, or scientists working on NHP. Although pathogen transmission is supposed to be a rare outcome, Rabies virus, Herpes B virus, Monkeypox virus, Ebola virus, or Yellow fever virus infections are of greater concern and require quick countermeasures from public health professionals.
Plan de classementSanté : généralités [050] ; Entomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052] ; Sciences du monde animal [080]
Descr. géo.MONDE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010077361]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010077361
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010077361

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