Inghels M., Carillon Severine, Desgrées du Loû Annabel, Larmarange Joseph. (2020). Effect of organizational models of provider-initiated testing and counseling (PITC) in health facilities on adult HIV testing coverage in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS Care, 32 (2), 163-169. ISSN 0954-0121.
Titre du document
Effect of organizational models of provider-initiated testing and counseling (PITC) in health facilities on adult HIV testing coverage in sub-Saharan Africa
Année de publication
Inghels M., Carillon Severine, Desgrées du Loû Annabel, Larmarange Joseph
AIDS Care, 2020,
32 (2), 163-169 ISSN 0954-0121
The purpose of this paper is to identify which Provider-Initiated HIV Testing and Counseling (PITC) organizational models are the most efficient to maximize testing coverage. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify published articles that evaluated routine PITC programs implemented in adult health facilities in Sub-Saharan Africa. We considered only articles measuring PITC offer, PITC acceptability and PITC coverage. Adjusted meta-regression models were performed to measure the association between PITC offer, acceptability and coverage with PITC organizational model. A total of 30 articles were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, 85.4% [95%CI: 77.2-93.5] of patients were offered a test, and 87.1% [82.4-91.7] accepted the test resulting in a PITC coverage of 74.3% [66-82.6]. Four types of PITC organizational models were identified: PITC initiated and performed during the consultation (model A), PITC initiated before consultation (model B), PITC referred on-site (model C) and PITC referred off-site (model D). Compared to model A, model B had a similar coverage (aOR: 1.02 [0.82-1.26]). However, coverage was lower for model C (aOR: 0.81 [0.68-0.97]) and model D (aOR: 0.58 [0.44-0.77]). Initiating the testing process before or during medical consultation is recommended for maximizing testing coverage among patients.
Plan de classement
Entomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie 
Santé : aspects socioculturels, économiques et politiques 
Fonds IRD [F B010076093]