Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Duvail Stéphanie, Hamerlynck O., Paron P., Hervé Dominique, Nyingi W. D., Leone M. (2017). The changing hydro-ecological dynamics of rivers and deltas of the Western Indian Ocean : anthropogenic and environmental drivers, local adaptation and policy response. In : Manighetti I (ed.), De Witt R. (ed.), Duvail Stéphanie (ed.), Seyler Patrick (ed.). Vulnerability of inter-tropical littoral areas. Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 349 (6-7), p. 269-279. ISSN 1631-0713.

Titre du document
The changing hydro-ecological dynamics of rivers and deltas of the Western Indian Ocean : anthropogenic and environmental drivers, local adaptation and policy response
Année de publication
2017
Type de document
Article référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000417625700006
Auteurs
Duvail Stéphanie, Hamerlynck O., Paron P., Hervé Dominique, Nyingi W. D., Leone M.
In
Manighetti I (ed.), De Witt R. (ed.), Duvail Stéphanie (ed.), Seyler Patrick (ed.), Vulnerability of inter-tropical littoral areas
Source
Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 2017, 349 (6-7), p. 269-279 ISSN 1631-0713
The rivers flowing into the Western Indian Ocean have steep headwater gradients and carry high sediment loads. In combination with strong tides and seasonal rainfall, these rivers create dynamic deltas with biodiversity-rich and productive ecosystems that, through flooding, have sustained indigenous use systems for centuries. However, river catchments are rapidly changing due to deforestation. Hydropower dams also increasingly alter flood characteristics, reduce sediment supply and contribute to coastal erosion. These impacts are compounded by climate change. Altogether, these changes affect the livelihoods of the delta users. Here, based on prior works that we and others have conducted in the region, we analyse the drivers of these hydro-ecological changes. We then provide recommendations for improved dam design and operations to sustain the underlying delta-building processes, the ecosystem values and the needs of the users.
Plan de classement
Sciences du milieu [021] ; Hydrologie [062] ; Economie et sociologie rurale [098]
Description Géographique
AFRIQUE DE L'EST ; AFRIQUE DU SUD ; MADAGASCAR ; OCEAN INDIEN
Localisation
Fonds IRD [F B010071891]
Identifiant IRD
fdi:010071891
Contact
  • Coordonnées :
    IST / IRD Ile-de-France
    32 avenue Henri Varagnat
    93140 Bondy Cedex
    France
    Horizon Pleins textes
  •