Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Banuls Anne-Laure, Thomas F., Renaud F. (2013). Of parasites and men. Infection Genetics and Evolution, 20, p. 61-70. ISSN 1567-1348.

Titre du document
Of parasites and men
Année de publication
Type de document
Article référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000327701200009
Banuls Anne-Laure, Thomas F., Renaud F.
Infection Genetics and Evolution, 2013, 20, p. 61-70 ISSN 1567-1348
The living world has evolved and is evolving through interspecific relationships between organisms. The diversity of these interactions is enormous going from mutualism to parasitism. Humans live with a multitude of microorganisms, essential for their biology. However, interactions are not always advantageous. Indeed, many organisms might become pathogens, such as the Plasmodium species, the causative agents of malaria. Like many other microorganisms, they are << Machiavellian >> in their capacity to elaborate a range of reproduction strategies, giving them a huge advantage in terms of adaptation. Here, we discuss the role played by parasites in the ecology and evolution of living organisms and particularly of humans. In the study of infectious diseases, humans are legitimately the focal point, although they represent only one ecosystem among many others and not taking this into account certainly biases our global view of the system. Indeed, we know only a minimal fraction of the microorganisms we live with. However, parasites have shaped and are still shaping the human genome. Several genetic signatures are the proofs of the selection pressures by parasites that humankind has endured during its evolution. But, ultimately, what are the solutions for living with pathogens? Should we eradicate them or should we learn how to control and manage them? (C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Plan de classement
Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020] ; Entomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052] ; Etudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082]
Fonds IRD [F B010061370]
Identifiant IRD