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Mertz O., Muller D., Sikor T., Hett C., Heinimann A., Castella Jean-Christophe, Lestrelin Guillaume, Ryan C. M., Reay D. S., Schmidt-Vogt D., Danielsen F., Theilade I., van Noordwijk M., Verchot L. V., Burgess N. D., Berry N. J., Pham T. T., Messerli P., Xu J. C., Fensholt R., Hostert P., Pflugmacher D., Bruun T. B., de Neergaard A., Dons K., Dewi S., Rutishauser E., Sun Z. L. (2012). The forgotten D : challenges of addressing forest degradation in complex mosaic landscapes under REDD. Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography, 112 (1), 63-76. ISSN 0016-7223

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1080/00167223.2012.709678

Titre
The forgotten D : challenges of addressing forest degradation in complex mosaic landscapes under REDD
Année de publication2012
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000307868200007
AuteursMertz O., Muller D., Sikor T., Hett C., Heinimann A., Castella Jean-Christophe, Lestrelin Guillaume, Ryan C. M., Reay D. S., Schmidt-Vogt D., Danielsen F., Theilade I., van Noordwijk M., Verchot L. V., Burgess N. D., Berry N. J., Pham T. T., Messerli P., Xu J. C., Fensholt R., Hostert P., Pflugmacher D., Bruun T. B., de Neergaard A., Dons K., Dewi S., Rutishauser E., Sun Z. L.
SourceGeografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography, 2012, 112 (1), p. 63-76. ISSN 0016-7223
RésuméInternational climate negotiations have stressed the importance of considering emissions from forest degradation under the planned REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation + enhancing forest carbon stocks) mechanism. However, most research, pilot-REDD+ projects and carbon certification agencies have focused on deforestation and there appears to be a gap in knowledge on complex mosaic landscapes containing degraded forests, smallholder agriculture, agroforestry and plantations. In this paper we therefore review current research on how avoided forest degradation may affect emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) and expected co-benefits in terms of biodiversity and livelihoods. There are still high uncertainties in measuring and monitoring emissions of carbon and other GHG from mosaic landscapes with forest degradation since most research has focused on binary analyses of forest vs. deforested land. Studies on the impacts of forest degradation on biodiversity contain mixed results and there is little empirical evidence on the influence of REDD+ on local livelihoods and tenure security, partly due to the lack of actual payment schemes. Governance structures are also more complex in landscapes with degraded forests as there are often multiple owners and types of rights to land and trees. Recent technological advances in remote sensing have improved estimation of carbon stock changes but establishment of historic reference levels is still challenged by the availability of sensor systems and ground measurements during the reference period. The inclusion of forest degradation in REDD+ calls for a range of new research efforts to enhance our knowledge of how to assess the impacts of avoided forest degradation. A first step will be to ensure that complex mosaic landscapes can be recognised under REDD+ on their own merits.
Plan de classementEtudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082] ; Télédétection [126] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010057151]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010057151
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010057151

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