Gorgues T., Menkès Christophe, Slemons L., Aumont Olivier, Dandonneau Yves, Radenac Marie-Hélène, Alvain S., Moulin C. (2010). Revisiting the La Nina 1998 phytoplankton blooms in the equatorial Pacific. Deep-Sea Research.Part I : Oceanographic Research Papers, 57 (4), p. 567-576. ISSN 0967-0637.
Titre du document
Revisiting the La Nina 1998 phytoplankton blooms in the equatorial Pacific
Année de publication
Gorgues T., Menkès Christophe, Slemons L., Aumont Olivier, Dandonneau Yves, Radenac Marie-Hélène, Alvain S., Moulin C.
Deep-Sea Research.Part I : Oceanographic Research Papers, 2010,
57 (4), p. 567-576 ISSN 0967-0637
A biogeochemical model of the tropical Pacific has been used to assess the impact of interannual variability in a western Pacific iron source on the iron-limited ecosystem of the central and eastern Pacific during the 1997-1998 El Nino A reference simulation and two simulations with an iron source in the western Pacific have been performed The two "source" simulations differed only in the temporal variability of the iron source. In the variable source simulation, the iron concentration in the source region was proportional to the velocity of the New Guinea Coastal Undercurrent (NGCUC) In the constant source simulation, the same time-averaged concentration of iron was imposed with no temporal variability. The variable source was designed to mimic variations of iron flux from the northeast slope of New Guinea to the NGCUC due to modulation of sedimentary iron resuspension as previously hypothesized Through the comparison of these simulations, it appeared that: (i) an iron source in the NGCUC, regardless of its source variability, increases biomass in the eastern equatorial Pacific because of the greater eastward iron flux by the Equatorial Undercurrent and (ii) a variable NGCUC iron source does not change the temporal variability of eastern Pacific chlorophyll, and in particular the timing and intensity of the June 1998 bloom To explain eastern Pacific biological variability, local rather than remote processes are needed, such as wind-driven upwelling, the local depth of the thermocline. tropical instability waves and biological processes such as high grazing pressure. Therefore, while the western Pacific sources of dissolved iron are important in our model to sustain annually integrated equatorial Pacific production, they are unlikely to strongly constrain the timing of blooms in the central and eastern Pacific such as during the 1998 La Nina (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Plan de classement
Limnologie physique / Océanographie physique 
Fonds IRD [F B010049465]