Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Franckel A., Lalou Richard. (2009). Health-seeking behaviour for childhood malaria : household dynamics in rural Senegal. Journal of Biosocial Science, 41 (1), p. 1-19. ISSN 0021-9320.

Titre du document
Health-seeking behaviour for childhood malaria : household dynamics in rural Senegal
Année de publication
Type de document
Article référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000261980300001
Franckel A., Lalou Richard
Journal of Biosocial Science, 2009, 41 (1), p. 1-19 ISSN 0021-9320
Research on health care behaviour in sub-Saharan Africa usually considers the mother as the reference in the household when a child is sick. The study of health care management within the family is a key issue for understanding therapeutic rationales. This study was conducted in the region of Fatick in Senegal among 902 children with malaria-related fever. The data were taken from a retrospective quantitative survey conducted in all compounds of the DSS (Demographic Surveillance Site) of Niakhar. The results show that child care-taking is fundamentally a collective process: in 70-9% of out-of-home resorts, the treatment decision was collective. The health care process of 68-1% of morbid episodes involved several individuals. The involvement of the mother, the father and other relatives in the collective management of health care followed different logics. Each care-giver had a specific and complementary function depending on gender norms, inter-generational relations and characteristics of the family unit. Family management of illness aims at optimizing financial and human resources given the economic, logistical and social constraints on health care. Nevertheless, collective management also favoured home-based care, prevented good treatment compliance and delayed the resort to health facilities. These results suggest that health education campaigns should focus on an early involvement of fathers in health care-giving and also on the strengthening of the autonomy of mothers. Mothers' empowerment should give women more autonomy in their child's treatment choice. Lastly, there is a need to develop community health facilities and establish shared funding at the community level.
Plan de classement
Entomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052]
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