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Cappelaere Bernard, Descroix Luc, Lebel Thierry, Boulain Nicolas, Ramier David, Laurent J. P., Favreau Guillaume, Boubkraoui Stéphane, Boucher Marie, Moussa I. B., Chaffard Véronique, Hiernaux P., Issoufou H. B. A., Le Breton E., Mamadou I., Nazoumou Y., Oi Monique, Ottle C., Quantin Guillaume. (2009). The AMMA-CATCH experiment in the cultivated Sahelian area of south-west Niger - Investigating water cycle response to a fluctuating climate and changing environment. Journal of Hydrology, 375 (1-2), 34-51. ISSN 0022-1694

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.06.021

Titre
The AMMA-CATCH experiment in the cultivated Sahelian area of south-west Niger - Investigating water cycle response to a fluctuating climate and changing environment
Année de publication2009
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000270472000004
AuteursCappelaere Bernard, Descroix Luc, Lebel Thierry, Boulain Nicolas, Ramier David, Laurent J. P., Favreau Guillaume, Boubkraoui Stéphane, Boucher Marie, Moussa I. B., Chaffard Véronique, Hiernaux P., Issoufou H. B. A., Le Breton E., Mamadou I., Nazoumou Y., Oi Monique, Ottle C., Quantin Guillaume.
SourceJournal of Hydrology, 2009, 375 (1-2), p. 34-51. ISSN 0022-1694
RésuméAmong the three sites distributed along the West African latitudinal gradient in the AMMA-CATCH observation system, the experimental setup in the Niamey area of south-west Niger samples the cultivated Sahel environment, for hydrological, vegetation and land surface processes. The objective is to investigate relationships between climate, land cover, and the water cycle, in a rapidly changing semiarid environment. This paper first presents the main characteristics of the area, where previous research, including the EPSAT and HAPEX-Sahel experiments, had evidenced a widespread decadal increase in water resources, concurrently with severe drought conditions. The specifics of AMMA-CATCH research and data acquisition at this site, over the long-term (similar to 2001-2010) and enhanced (similar to 2005-2008) observation periods, are introduced. Objectives and observation strategy are explained, and the main characteristics of instrument deployment are detailed. A very large number of parameters - covering rainfall, vegetation ecophysiology, phenology and production, surface fluxes of energy, water vapour and CO2, runoff and sediment, pond water, soil moisture, and groundwater - were monitored at local to meso scales in a nested structure of sites. The current state of knowledge is summarized, connecting processes and patterns of variation for rainfall, vegetation/land cover, and the terrestrial hydrologic cycle. The central role of land use and of its spectacular change in recent decades is highlighted. This paper provides substantial background information that sets the context for papers relating to the south-west Niger site in this AMMA-CATCH special issue.
Plan de classementHydrologie [062] ; Etudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010048250]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010048250
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010048250

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