Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Taupin Jean-Denis, Coudrain-Ribstein A., Gallaire Robert, Zuppi G.M., Filly A. (2000). Rainfall characteristics (delta18O, delta2H, DeltaT and DeltaHr) in Western Africa : regional scale and influence of irrigated areas. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105 (D9), 11,911-11,924. ISSN 0148-0227.

Titre du document
Rainfall characteristics (delta18O, delta2H, DeltaT and DeltaHr) in Western Africa : regional scale and influence of irrigated areas
Année de publication
2000
Type de document
Article
Auteurs
Taupin Jean-Denis, Coudrain-Ribstein A., Gallaire Robert, Zuppi G.M., Filly A.
Source
Journal of Geophysical Research, 2000, 105 (D9), 11,911-11,924 ISSN 0148-0227
A summary of previous isotopic studies of rainfall in western Africa (0°-17°N ; 0°-15°E) together with the isotopic analyses of rainfall events from 15 stations in 1989 shows that (1) the Gulf of Guinea is the main source of water vapor in the Sudan-Sahelian zone (minimum of monthly mean of delta18O contemporaneous with the heart of the monsoon), (2) the reevaporated water from previous local rainfalls is an important source of water vapor of subsequent rainfalls (lack of continental effect, where the majority of rain events present isotopic signature either evaporated or fed by evaporated water), and (3) no isotopic data support the Indian Ocean as a source of vapor. Isotopic ratios combined with variations of temperature and relative humidity associated with rain events in 1989 mirror the increasing aridity from south to north and from west to east. However, a Sahelian station, Birni N'Konni, presents all the features of a humid station with a large contribution of continental vapor (60% of rain events with d greater than 10 per thousand, -2K smaller than deltaT smaller than 2K and deltaHr smaller than 10%). This observation can be attributed to continental vapor originating from irrigated fields 100 km upstream of the dominant monsoon currents, in the Sokoto valley of Nigeria. This is corroborated by the difference in the evolution of rainfall amounts and relative humidity at Niamey and Birni N'Konni since 1951, signaling an important effect of land use changes on regional climate conditions. (Résumé d'auteur)
Plan de classement
Régimes climatiques [062REGHYD02]
Descripteurs
PRECIPITATION ; PLUIE ; EVAPORATION ; TEMPERATURE ; HUMIDITE RELATIVE ; ANALYSE ISOTOPIQUE ; DEUTERIUM ; DISTRIBUTION SPATIALE ; FACTEUR ANTHROPIQUE ; UTILISATION DU SOL ; IRRIGATION ; RESERVOIR ; ETUDE D'IMPACT
Description Géographique
ZONE SOUDANOSAHELIENNE ; AFRIQUE DE L'OUEST ; NIGER ; BENIN
Localisation
Fonds IRD [F B010022922] ; Montpellier (Centre IRD)
Identifiant IRD
fdi:010022922
Contact
  • Coordonnées :
    IST / IRD Ile-de-France
    32 avenue Henri Varagnat
    93140 Bondy Cedex
    France
    Horizon Pleins textes
  •