The contribution of small scale fishing constraints on Sardinella landings in Senegalese waters [résumé] - fdi:010072106 - Horizon

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Diankha O., Demarcq Hervé, Fall M., Thiao D., Thiaw M., Sow B.A., Gaye A.T., Brehmer Patrice. (2017). The contribution of small scale fishing constraints on Sardinella landings in Senegalese waters [résumé]. In : Brehmer Patrice (ed.), Ba B. (ed.), Kraus G. (ed.) International conference ICAWA 2016 : extended book of abstract : the AWA project : ecosystem approach to the management of fisheries and the marine environment in West African waters. Dakar : SRFC/CSRP ; IRD, 33. ICAWA : International Conference AWA, 3., Dakar (SEN), 2016/12/13-15. ISBN 978-2-9553602-0-5

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Titre
The contribution of small scale fishing constraints on Sardinella landings in Senegalese waters [résumé]
Année de publication2017
Type de documentColloque
AuteursDiankha O., Demarcq Hervé, Fall M., Thiao D., Thiaw M., Sow B.A., Gaye A.T., Brehmer Patrice.
InBrehmer Patrice (ed.), Ba B. (ed.), Kraus G. (ed.) International conference ICAWA 2016 : extended book of abstract : the AWA project : ecosystem approach to the management of fisheries and the marine environment in West African waters
SourceDakar : SRFC/CSRP ; IRD, 2017, p. 33. p. 33 ISBN 978-2-9553602-0-5
ColloqueICAWA : International Conference AWA, 3., Dakar (SEN), 2016/12/13-15
RésuméOver the last decades, small pelagic fisheries have shown an increasing development in Senegal, especially those targeting Sardinella aurita and S. maderensis. Their landing and fishing effort quickly increase for both species, from less than 100,000 tons with 35,035 trips in the early 80's to a peak of over 400,000 tons with 86,427 trips in 2008. The Senegalese small scale pelagic fisheries, targeting both species, accounts for more than 86% of the artisanal fishery landing in biomass. We investigated the effects of small scale fishing over ten years (2004-2013) with generalized additive model fitting techniques using landings vs. fishing effort per gear and type of fishing gears in the Northern and southern parts of Senegal. The study revealed that these effects are more pronounced in the Northern area for S. aurita while they are more significant in the Southern area for S. maderensis. The purse seine, i.e the main Senegalese fishing gear targeting Sardinella, provides the most significant effects on S. aurita landings in both areas, while for S. maderensis, the most significant effects are shared between two fishing gears: purse seine in the Northern area and encircling gill nets in the Southern area. Spatio-temporal patterns of the effects of small scale fishing are described and the relative importance of fishing effort and fishing gear on both species at seasonal and inter-annual scales are discussed.
Plan de classementRessources halieutiques [040] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
Descr. géo.SENEGAL ; ATLANTIQUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F A010071832]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010072106
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010072106

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