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Camara S., Koffi A. A., Alou L. P. A., Koffi K., Kabran J. P. K., Kone A., Koffi M. F., N'Guessan R., Pennetier Cédric. (2018). Mapping insecticide resistance in Anopheles gambiae (s.l.) from Côte d'Ivoire. Parasites and Vectors, 11, art. 19 [11 p.]. ISSN 1756-3305

Fichier PDF disponible http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers18-01/010072000.pdf

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1186/s13071-017-2546-1

Mapping insecticide resistance in Anopheles gambiae (s.l.) from Côte d'Ivoire
Année de publication2018
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000419684900002
AuteursCamara S., Koffi A. A., Alou L. P. A., Koffi K., Kabran J. P. K., Kone A., Koffi M. F., N'Guessan R., Pennetier Cédric.
SourceParasites and Vectors, 2018, 11, p. art. 19 [11 p.]. p. art. 19 [11 p.] ISSN 1756-3305
RésuméBackground: Insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is an increasing threat to vector control tools currently deployed in endemic countries. Resistance management must be an integral part of National Malaria Control Programmes' (NMCPs) next strategic plans to alleviate the risk of control failure. This obviously will require a clear database on insecticide resistance to support the development of such a plan. The present work gathers original data on insecticide resistance between 2009 and 2015 across Cote d'Ivoire in West Africa. Methods: Two approaches were adopted to build or update the resistance data in the country. Resistance monitoring was conducted between 2013 and 2015 in 35 sentinel sites across the country using the WHO standard procedure of susceptibility test on adult mosquitoes. Four insecticide families (pyrethroids, organochlorides, carbamates and organophosphates) were tested. In addition to this survey, we also reviewed the literature to assemble existing data on resistance between 2009 and 2015. Results: High resistance levels to pyrethroids, organochlorides and carbamates were widespread in all study sites whereas some Anopheles populations remained susceptible to organophosphates. Three resistance mechanisms were identified, involving high allelic frequencies of kdr L1014F mutation (range = 0.46-1), relatively low frequencies of ace-1(R) (below 0.5) and elevated activity of insecticide detoxifying enzymes, mainly mixed function oxidases (MFO), esterase and glutathione S-transferase (GST) in almost all study sites. Conclusion: This detailed map of resistance highlights the urgent need to develop new vector control tools to complement current long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) although it is yet unclear whether these resistance mechanisms will impact malaria transmission control. Researchers, industry, WHO and stakeholders must urgently join forces to develop alternative tools. By then, NMCPs must strive to develop effective tactics or plans to manage resistance keeping in mind country-specific context and feasibility.
Plan de classementEntomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052]
Descr. géo.COTE D'IVOIRE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010072000]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010072000
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010072000

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