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Correa A. C., De Meeûs Thierry, Dreyfuss G., Rondelaud D., Hurtrez-Bousses S. (2017). Galba truncatula and Fasciola hepatica : genetic costructures and interactions with intermediate host dispersal. Infection Genetics and Evolution, 55, 186-194. ISSN 1567-1348

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2017.09.012

Titre
Galba truncatula and Fasciola hepatica : genetic costructures and interactions with intermediate host dispersal
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000414866200026
AuteursCorrea A. C., De Meeûs Thierry, Dreyfuss G., Rondelaud D., Hurtrez-Bousses S.
SourceInfection Genetics and Evolution, 2017, 55, p. 186-194. ISSN 1567-1348
RésuméAntagonistic interactions between hosts and parasites are key structuring forces in natural populations. Demographic factors like extinction, migration and the effective population size shape host-parasite metapopulational dynamics. Therefore, to understand the evolution of host-parasite systems it is necessary to study the distribution of the genetic variation of both entities simultaneously. In this paper, we investigate the population genetics co-structure of parasites and hosts within a metapopulation of the liver fluke, Fasciola hepatica, and two of its intermediate hosts, the main intermediate host in Europe, Galba truncatula, and a new intermediate host, Omphiscola glabra, in Central France. Our results reveal an absence of specificity of flukes as regard to the two alternative hosts though O. glabra shows higher prevalence of F. hepatica. Host and parasites displayed contrasting population genetics structure with very small, highly inbred (selfing) and strongly isolated G. truncatula populations and much bigger, panmictic and more dispersive F. hepatica. This could indicate a local adaptation of the parasite and a local maladaptation of the host. We also unveil a parasite-mediated biased population genetics structure suggesting that infected G. truncatula disperse more; have higher dispersal survival than uninfected snails or, more likely, that immigrant snails are infected more often than local snails (local parasites are less adapted to local hosts). Finally, an absence, or at least an ambiguous signature of isolation by distance was observed in both host and parasite population. A very weak migration rate for G. truncatula provides a reasonable explanation for this ambiguous result. Alternatively, smaller sample sizes combined with modest migration rates might explain the difficulties to unveil the signal in F. hepatica.
Plan de classementEntomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052] ; Sciences du monde animal [080]
Descr. géo.FRANCE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010071350]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010071350
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010071350

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