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Mutema M., Chivenge P., Nivet Fantine, Rabouille C., Thieu V., Chaplot Vincent. (2017). Changes in carbon and nutrient fluxes from headwaters to ocean in a mountainous temperate to subtropical basin. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 42 (13), 2038-2053. ISSN 0197-9337

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1002/esp.4170

Changes in carbon and nutrient fluxes from headwaters to ocean in a mountainous temperate to subtropical basin
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000412580300010
AuteursMutema M., Chivenge P., Nivet Fantine, Rabouille C., Thieu V., Chaplot Vincent.
SourceEarth Surface Processes and Landforms, 2017, 42 (13), p. 2038-2053. ISSN 0197-9337
RésuméWater erosion provides major links in global cycles of carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P). Although significant research on erosion mechanisms has been done, there is still little knowledge on C, N and P fluxes across landscapes to the ocean and their controlling factors in subtropical climates. A four-year study quantifying and comparing particulate and dissolved C, N and P from multiple scales (microplot, plot, microcatchment, subcatchment, catchment, sub-basin and basin) was performed in Thukela basin (approximate to 30 000km(2)), South Africa. The basin climate was largely subtropical-humid [mean annual precipitation (MAP)>980mm yr(-1)], but temperate (MAP >2000mm yr(-1)) on the highlands. Open grassland, cropland and bushland were the major land uses. On average, 65, 24 and 4g m(-2)yr(-1) C, N and P were displaced from original topsoil positions, but only 0.33, 0.005 and 0.002mg m(-2)yr(-1) were, respectively, exported to the ocean. The fluxes decreased by 95, 97 and 84%, respectively, from plot to microcatchment outlet; and decreased further in downstream direction by >99% from microcatchment to basin outlet. The hillslope (microplot to microcatchment) fluxes correlated strongly with rainfall parameters. Particulate contributions dominated hillslope fluxes at 73, 81 and 76% of total annual C, N and P, respectively. Although particulate C dominated in the microcatchment-catchment reach (55%), N (54%) and P (69%) were dominated by dissolved forms. The lower basin zone was dominated by dissolved flux contributions at 93, 81 and 78% for C, N and P for the sub-basin outlet. These results suggested spatially varying drivers of C, N and P losses from the landscape to the ocean, via the river network. Deposition was envisaged the dominant hillslope level loss process, which gradually gave way to mineralization and biotic uptake in the river network as flux contributions shifted from being predominantly particulate to dissolved forms.
Plan de classementPédologie [068] ; Hydrologie [062]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010071234]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010071234
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010071234

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