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Morrow R., Kestenare Elodie. (2017). 22-year surface salinity changes in the Seasonal Ice Zone near 140 degrees E off Antarctica. Journal of Marine Systems, 175, 46-62. ISSN 0924-7963

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2017.07.003

22-year surface salinity changes in the Seasonal Ice Zone near 140 degrees E off Antarctica
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000411420700005
AuteursMorrow R., Kestenare Elodie.
SourceJournal of Marine Systems, 2017, 175, p. 46-62. ISSN 0924-7963
RésuméSeasonal and interannual variations in sea surface salinity (SSS) are analyzed in the Sea Ice Zone south of 60 degrees S, from a 22-year time series of observations near 140 degrees E. In the northern sea-ice zone during the warming, melting cycle from October to March, waters warm by an average of 3.5 degrees C and become fresher by 0.1 to 0.25. In the southern sea-ice zone, the surface temperatures vary from 1 to 1 degrees C over summer, and the maximal SSS range occurs in December, with a minimum SSS of 33.65 near the Southern Boundary of the ACC, reaching 34.4 in the shelf waters close to the coast. The main fronts, normally defined at subsurface, are shown to have more distinct seasonal characteristics in SSS than in SST. The interannual variations in SSS are more closely linked to variations in upstream sea-ice cover than surface forcing. SSS and sea-ice variations show distinct phases, with large biannual variations in the early 1990s, weaker variations in the 2000s and larger variations again from 2009 onwards. The calving of the Mertz Glacier Tongue in February 2010 leads to increased sea-ice cover and widespread freshening of the surface layers from 2011 onwards. Summer freshening in the northern sea-ice zone is similar to 0.05-0.07 per decade, increasing to 0.08 per decade in the southern sea-ice zone, largely influenced by the Mertz Glacier calving event at the end of our time series. The summer time series of SSS on the shelf at 140 E is in phase but less variable than the SSS observed upstream in the Adelie Depression, and thus represents a spatially integrated index of the wider SSS variations.
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010071013]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010071013
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010071013

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