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Dakhlaoui H., Ruelland D., Tramblay Yves, Bargaoui Z. (2017). Evaluating the robustness of conceptual rainfall-runoff models under climate variability in northern Tunisia. Journal of Hydrology, 550, 201-217. ISSN 0022-1694

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.04.032

Evaluating the robustness of conceptual rainfall-runoff models under climate variability in northern Tunisia
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000404816000016
AuteursDakhlaoui H., Ruelland D., Tramblay Yves, Bargaoui Z.
SourceJournal of Hydrology, 2017, 550, p. 201-217. ISSN 0022-1694
RésuméTo evaluate the impact of climate change on water resources at the catchment scale, not only future projections of climate are necessary but also robust rainfall-runoff models that must be fairly reliable under changing climate conditions. The aim of this study was thus to assess the robustness of three conceptual rainfall-runoff models (GR4j, HBV and IHACRES) on five basins in northern Tunisia under long-term climate variability, in the light of available future climate scenarios for this region. The robustness of the models was evaluated using a differential split sample test based on a climate classification of the observation period that simultaneously accounted for precipitation and temperature conditions. The study catchments include the main hydrographical basins in northern Tunisia, which produce most of the surface water resources in the country. A 30-year period (1970-2000) was used to capture a wide range of hydro-climatic conditions. The calibration was based on the Kling-Gupta Efficiency (KGE) criterion, while model transferability was evaluated based on the Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency criterion and volume error. The three hydrological models were shown to behave similarly under climate variability. The models simulated the runoff pattern better when transferred to wetter and colder conditions than to drier and warmer ones. It was shown that their robustness became unacceptable when climate conditions involved a decrease of more than 25% in annual precipitation and an increase of more than +1.75 degrees C in annual mean temperatures. The reduction in model robustness may be partly due to the climate dependence of some parameters. When compared to precipitation and temperature projections in the region, the limits of transferability obtained in this study are generally respected for short and middle term. For long term projections under the most pessimistic emission gas scenarios, the limits of transferability are generally not respected, which may hamper the use of conceptual models for hydrological projections in northern Tunisia.
Plan de classementHydrologie [062] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.TUNISIE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010070295]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010070295
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010070295

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