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Zeba A.N., Yaméogo M.T., Tougouma S.J., Kassié D., Fournet Florence. (2017). Can urbanization, social and spatial disparities help to understand the rise of cardiometabolic risk factors in Bobo Dioulasso ? A study in a secondary city of Burkina Faso, West Africa. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14 (4), art. no 378 [13 p. en ligne] ISSN 1661-7827

Fichier PDF disponible http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers17-06/010070112.pdf

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.3390/ijerph14040378

Titre
Can urbanization, social and spatial disparities help to understand the rise of cardiometabolic risk factors in Bobo Dioulasso ? A study in a secondary city of Burkina Faso, West Africa
Année de publication2017
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000404105100042
AuteursZeba A.N., Yaméogo M.T., Tougouma S.J., Kassié D., Fournet Florence.
SourceInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2017, 14 (4), art. no 378 [13 p. en ligne] ISSN 1661-7827
RésuméUnplanned urbanization plays a key role in chronic disease growth. This population-based cross-sectional study assessed the occurrence of cardiometabolic risk factors in Bobo-Dioulasso and their association with urbanization conditions. Methods: Through spatial sampling, four Bobo-Dioulasso sub-spaces were selected for a population survey to measure the adult health status. Yéguéré, Dogona, Tounouma and Secteur 25 had very different urbanization conditions (position within the city; time of creation and healthcare structure access). The sample size was estimated at 1000 households (250 for each sub-space) in which one adult (35 to 59-year-old) was randomly selected. Finally, 860 adults were surveyed. Anthropometric, socioeconomic and clinical data were collected. Arterial blood pressure was measured and blood samples were collected to assess glycemia. Results: Weight, body mass index and waist circumference (mean values) and serum glycemia (83.4 mg/dL ± 4.62 mmol/L) were significantly higher in Tounouma, Dogona, and Secteur 25 than in Yéguéré; the poorest and most rural-like sub-space (p = 0.001). Overall, 43.2%, 40.5%, 5.3% and 60.9% of participants had overweight, hypertension, hyperglycemia and one or more cardiometabolic risk markers, respectively. Conclusions: Bobo-Dioulasso is unprepared to face this public health issue and urgent responses are needed to reduce the health risks associated with unplanned urbanization.
Plan de classementUrbanisation, sociétés urbaines [102URBHA1] ; Médecine [050MEDECI] ; Politiques de la santé [056POLSAN]
DescripteursURBANISATION ; SANTE PUBLIQUE ; INEGALITE SOCIALE ; DISTRIBUTION SPATIALE ; ANALYSE SPATIALE ; PLANIFICATION URBAINE ; GEOGRAPHIE DE LA SANTE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE
Descr. géo.BURKINA FASO ; BOBO DIOULASSO
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010070112]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010070112
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010070112

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