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Andrello Marco, Jacobi M. N., Manel S., Thuiller W., Mouillot D. (2015). Extending networks of protected areas to optimize connectivity and population growth rate. Ecography, 38 (3), 273-282. ISSN 0906-7590

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1111/ecog.00975

Titre
Extending networks of protected areas to optimize connectivity and population growth rate
Année de publication2015
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000350751200006
AuteursAndrello Marco, Jacobi M. N., Manel S., Thuiller W., Mouillot D.
SourceEcography, 2015, 38 (3), p. 273-282. ISSN 0906-7590
RésuméProtected areas (PAs) are recognized as the flagship tool to offset biodiversity loss on Earth. Spatial conservation planning seeks optimal designs of PAs that meet multiple targets such as biodiversity representation and population persistence. Since connectivity between PAs is a fundamental requirement for population persistence, several methods have been developed to include connectivity into PA design algorithms. Among these, the eigenvalue decomposition of the connectivity matrix allows for identifying clusters of strongly connected sites and selecting the sites contributing the most to population persistence. So far, this method was only suited to optimize an entire network of PAs without considering existing PAs in the new design. However, a more cost-effective and realistic approach is to optimize the design of an extended network to improve its connectivity and thus population persistence. Here, we develop a flexible algorithm based on eigenvalue decomposition of connectivity matrices to extend existing networks of PAs while optimizing connectivity and population growth rate. We also include a splitting algorithm to improve cluster identification. The new algorithm accounts for the change in connectivity due to the increased biological productivity often observed in existing PAs. We illustrate the potential of our algorithm by proposing an extension of the network of approximate to 100 Mediterranean marine PAs to reach the targeted 10% surface area protection from the current 1.8%. We identify differences between the clean slate scenario, where all sites are available for protection, irrespective of their current protection status, and the scenario where existing PAs are forced to be included into the optimized solution. By integrating this algorithm to existing multi-objective and multi-specific algorithms of PA selection, the demographic effects of connectivity can be explicitly included into conservation planning.
Plan de classementEcologie, systèmes aquatiques [036] ; Etudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082] ; Télédétection [126] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.MEDITERRANEE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010064036]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010064036
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010064036

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