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Weigel Jean-Yves, Mannle K. O., Bennett N. J., Carter E., Westlund L., Burgener V., Hoffman Z., Da Silva A. S., Abou Kane E., Sanders J., Piante C., Wagiman S., Hellman A. (2014). Marine protected areas and fisheries : bridging the divide. Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 24 (2), 199-215. ISSN 1052-7613

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1002/aqc.2514

Titre
Marine protected areas and fisheries : bridging the divide
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000345206000017
AuteursWeigel Jean-Yves, Mannle K. O., Bennett N. J., Carter E., Westlund L., Burgener V., Hoffman Z., Da Silva A. S., Abou Kane E., Sanders J., Piante C., Wagiman S., Hellman A.
SourceAquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 2014, 24 (2), p. 199-215. ISSN 1052-7613
Résumé1. Long-term and well-managed marine protected areas (MPAs) can, under the right circumstances, contribute to biodiversity conservation and fisheries management, thus contributing to food security and sustainable livelihoods. 2. This article emphasizes (1) the potential utility of MPAs as a fisheries management tool, (2) the costs and benefits of MPAs for fishing communities, and (3) the foundations of good governance and management processes for creating effective MPAs with a dual fisheries and conservation mandate. 3. This article highlights case studies from numerous regions of the world that demonstrate practical and often successful solutions in bridging the divide between MPA management and fisheries sustainability, with a focus on small-scale coastal fisheries in order to emphasize lessons learned. 4. To be an effective fisheries management tool, MPAs should be embedded in broader fisheries management and conservation plans. MPAs are unlikely to generate benefits if implemented in isolation. The spatial and temporal distribution of benefits and costs needs to be taken into account since proximal fishery-dependent communities may experience higher fishing costs over the short and long-term while the fisheries benefits from MPAs may only accrue over the long-term. 5. Key lessons for effectively bridging the divide between biodiversity conservation and fisheries sustainability goals in the context of MPAs include: creating spaces and processes for engagement, incorporating fisheries in MPA design and MPAs into fisheries management, engaging fishers in management, recognizing rights and tenure, coordinating between agencies and clarifying roles, combining no-take-areas with other fisheries management actions, addressing the balance of costs and benefits to fishers, making a long-term commitment, creating a collaborative network of stakeholders, taking multiple pressures into account, managing adaptively, recognizing and addressing trade-offs, and matching good governance with effective management and enforcement.
Plan de classementRessources halieutiques [040] ; Ecologie, systèmes aquatiques [036]
Descr. géo.GUINEE BISSAU ; BELIZE ; PHILIPPINES ; MEDITERRANEE ; INDONESIE ; MALAISIE ; MOZAMBIQUE ; AUSTRALIE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010062728]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010062728
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010062728

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