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Boglino A., Wishkerman A., Darias Maria Jose, de la Iglesia P., Andree K. B., Gisbert E., Estevez A. (2014). Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) metamorphic larvae are more sensitive to pseudo-albinism induced by high dietary arachidonic acid levels than post-metamorphic larvae. Aquaculture, 433, 276-287. ISSN 0044-8486

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2014.06.012

Titre
Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) metamorphic larvae are more sensitive to pseudo-albinism induced by high dietary arachidonic acid levels than post-metamorphic larvae
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000342529400039
AuteursBoglino A., Wishkerman A., Darias Maria Jose, de la Iglesia P., Andree K. B., Gisbert E., Estevez A.
SourceAquaculture, 2014, 433, p. 276-287. ISSN 0044-8486
RésuméHigh dietary levels of arachidonic acid (ARA) and its relative proportions with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), fed during early larval stages, have been associated with malpigmentation in various flatfish species. This study investigated whether the nutritional induction of pigmentary disorders at larval stages was related to a specific larval period of increased sensitivity to ARA in Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup, 1858). Senegalese sole larvae were fed high dietary ARA levels during pre- and pro-metamorphosis (2-15 dph) and/or post-metamorphosis (15-50 dph). Larval tissues reflected the dietary fatty acid composition. Malpigmentations were significantly related to elevated dietary and larval ARA contents and ARA/EPA ratio. This study reports evidence for a "pigmentation window", with a higher larval sensitivity to dietary ARA during pre- and pro-metamorphosis than post-metamorphosis. High dietary ARA fed to larvae during pre-metamorphosis enhanced survival, but did not affect growth nor eye migration. The aspect and density of melanophores in the skin of the ocular side of ARA-induced pseudo-albinos were significantly reduced in comparison to normally pigmented individuals, even more in the pseudo-albino fish fed high dietary ARA levels during the pre-metamorphic stage. Pseudo-albino fish fed high dietary ARA levels during post-metamorphosis showed higher concentrations of 2- and 3-series prostaglandins (PGE(2) and PGE(3)) than normally pigmented specimens fed the same diets. An increased sensitivity to ARA-induced malpigmentations has been identified at pre-metamorphosis and early metamorphosis in Senegalese sole. Supplying high dietary ARA amounts imbalanced the dietary ARA/EPA ratio and disrupted the relative concentrations of derived PGE(2) and PGE(3), resulting in 20 to 81.7% pseudo-albino individuals, depending on the dietary treatment. The administration of high levels of dietary ARA at different developmental stages did not only affect the incidence of animals with pigmentary disorders, but it also affect the melanophore density and skin aspect in normally pigmented and pseudoalbino fish as image segmentation and texture analyses indicated.
Plan de classementRessources halieutiques [040]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010062604]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010062604
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010062604

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