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Dupas Stéphane, Poirié M., Frey F., Carton Y. (2013). Is parasitoid virulence against multiple hosts adaptive or constrained by phylogeny ? A study of Leptopilina spp. (Hymenoptera: Figitidae)/Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) interactions. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 49 (2), 222-231. ISSN 0037-9271

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1080/00379271.2013.815045

Titre
Is parasitoid virulence against multiple hosts adaptive or constrained by phylogeny ? A study of Leptopilina spp. (Hymenoptera: Figitidae)/Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) interactions
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000327388600007
AuteursDupas Stéphane, Poirié M., Frey F., Carton Y.
SourceAnnales de la Société Entomologique de France, 2013, 49 (2), p. 222-231. ISSN 0037-9271
RésuméSome insects can develop immune resistance to koinobiont parasitoids. Reciprocally, adaptation to host immunology is critical for parasitoid success. Phylogenetic inertia and correlations between virulence against different hosts can act as constraints preventing these adaptations. Insights on these constraints may be obtained from the analysis of patterns of variations in the interactions at the species or genus level. Multivariate phylogenetic comparative methods were applied to virulence traits of 13 parasitoid strains of Leptopilina spp. (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) on five host strains of the Drosophila melanogaster species subgroup (Diptera Drosophilidae). Independent contrasts of virulence were calculated and principal component analysis (PCA) was performed on the independent contrasts to estimate the dimensionality of the interactions. Most of the variation of virulence was associated with the first component of the PCA (62.2%). But a significant proportion was explained by the second and third components, suggesting specific interactions. Strain-strain reciprocal specificity was observed in several pairs of host-parasitoid species. Significant phylogenetic inertia was observed on parasitoid virulence, but only at the genus level and only against hosts of intermediate resistance (phylogenetic R-2 between 0.62 and 0.85). Some parts of the interaction matrix exhibited specific interactions and others were fixed due to ancestral non-specific virulence (or avirulence). The results were interpreted viewing virulence as a threshold trait determined by underlying liability. When liability is far from the threshold, virulence is fixed. When liability is close to the threshold, virulence varies specifically and reciprocal adaptations can take place. These phylogenetic constraints may lead to a scenario of escape and radiation coevolution in the host-parasitoid system. Certains insectes développent des réactions immunitaires contre les parasitoïdes koinobiontes.
Plan de classementSciences du monde animal [080] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010061334]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010061334
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010061334

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