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Manzoni G., Laillou A., Samnang C., Hong R., Wieringa Franck, Berger Jacques, Poirot E., Checchi F. (2019). Child-sensitive WASH composite score and the nutritional status in Cambodian children. Nutrients, 11 (9), art. 2142 [14p.].

Fichier PDF disponiblehttp://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers19-10/010077072.pdf[ PDF Link ]

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.3390/nu11092142

Titre
Child-sensitive WASH composite score and the nutritional status in Cambodian children
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000487964600110
AuteursManzoni G., Laillou A., Samnang C., Hong R., Wieringa Franck, Berger Jacques, Poirot E., Checchi F.
SourceNutrients, 2019, 11 (9), p. art. 2142 [14p.]. p. art. 2142 [14p.]
RésuméProgress in health has occurred in the past decades in Cambodia, in terms of health service access and interventions, but several indicators, including the prevalence of malnourished children, remain alarming. The causes of undernutrition are often linked to inadequate access to water, sanitation and hygiene services but limited evidence exists on the direct association between poor WASH practices and children's' nutritional statuses. This study investigates the relationship between water, sanitation and hygiene practices, defined as the child-sensitive composite score, and the nutritional status of children under five years old, measured as the weight-for-height z-score, mid-upper arm circumference or height-for-age z-score in six districts of Cambodia. The analysis used data from a longitudinal study, comprising extensive data collection on anthropometry, health, nutrition, WASH, and cognitive development. Chronological trends in wasting and stunting were described cross-sectionally, whereas the effect of WASH practices on the nutritional status of children over up to three consecutive study visits was examined with a linear mixed-effects model. The prevalence of wasting decreased during the study while stunting prevalence increased. A small, but significant, association was found between the WASH child-sensitive composite scores and the wasting child anthropometry indicators: weight-for-height z-score or mid-upper arm circumference. Evidence for an association with height-for-age z-score, detecting stunted children, was found when the independent variable was quantified according to global, but not national, guidelines. This study reinforces discordant existing evidence towards a direct association between WASH practices and children's nutritional status, suggesting the need to align nutrition and WASH programmes.
Plan de classementNutrition, alimentation [054]
Descr. géo.CAMBODGE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010077072]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010077072
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010077072

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