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Ragoasha N., Herbette Steven, Cambon Gildas, Veitch J., Reason C., Roy Claude. (2019). Lagrangian pathways in the southern Benguela upwelling system. Journal of Marine Systems, 195, 50-66. ISSN 0924-7963

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2019.03.008

Titre
Lagrangian pathways in the southern Benguela upwelling system
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000467667000005
AuteursRagoasha N., Herbette Steven, Cambon Gildas, Veitch J., Reason C., Roy Claude.
SourceJournal of Marine Systems, 2019, 195, p. 50-66. ISSN 0924-7963
RésuméThe effect of ocean currents on fish eggs and larvae during their journey from spawning to nursery grounds in the Southern Benguela upwelling system is poorly understood. The survival and successful transport of fish eggs and larvae results from complex biological and physical processes. This study focuses on the advective processes, more specifically on how the dynamics and characteristics of the ocean currents shape the Lagrangian pathways in the Southern Benguela. A mesoscale eddy resolving interannual (1989-2010) simulation of the region, with a horizontal resolution of 7.5 km, is used to study processes impacting the connectivity between the western edge of the Agulhas Bank and the west coast upwelling region. A set of Lagrangian experiments are conducted with particles being released within the top 100 m of the water column along an across-shore transect off Cape Point (34 degrees S). Transport success is given by the ratio of the number of particles that reach St Helena Bay (32 degrees S) over the total number of particles released. The model results show a strong seasonal cycle in transport success which is governed by the complex three-dimensional structure of the along-shore jets, their variability, together with the wind-induced Ekman drift. Transport success is most efficient in spring when the Benguela Jet consists of one coherent intensified single-core branch that flows over the 300 m isobath, and when wind-induced Ekman transport favours the retention of particles within the jet. At this time of the year, the pathway leading to successful transport is located inshore, with 90% of particles released inshore the 300 m isobath being successfully transported to St Helena Bay in < 15 days. This pathway is also characterized by low eddy kinetic energy values. During the upwelling season (December March), transport success becomes less efficient, and less sensitive to the initial across-shore position of the particles. The inshore route no longer dominates, as the majority of particles follow offshore pathways. The Benguela Jet shifts offshore and splits into several branches due to the shoaling of the poleward undercurrent. The entrainment of particles within the offshore branch of the jet is favored by the dominating offshore wind-induced Ekman transport. Particles trapped in the offshore branch get exposed to higher mesoscale variability. Their northward progression is slower, which leads to journeys generally exceeding 20 days. This study shows that successful transport from the Agulhas Bank to the west coast upwelling region cannot be attributed to only a simple wind induced modulation of the jet. It explores how the seasonal modulation of the Benguela Jet, poleward undercurrent and offshore Ekman transport combine together with the turbulent off shelf eddy field to set-up the characteristics of transport success.
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.ATLANTIQUE SUD ; BENGUELA
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010075673]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010075673
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010075673

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