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Casal L., Durand P., Akkal-Corfini N., Benhamou C., Laurent F., Salmon-Monviola J., Ferrant Sylvain, Probst A., Probst J. L., Vertes F. (2019). Reduction of stream nitrate concentrations by land management in contrasted landscapes. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 114 (1), 1-17. ISSN 1385-1314

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1007/s10705-019-09985-0

Titre
Reduction of stream nitrate concentrations by land management in contrasted landscapes
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000464897800001
AuteursCasal L., Durand P., Akkal-Corfini N., Benhamou C., Laurent F., Salmon-Monviola J., Ferrant Sylvain, Probst A., Probst J. L., Vertes F.
SourceNutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 2019, 114 (1), p. 1-17. ISSN 1385-1314
RésuméOptimizing management practices at the plot scale is sometimes not sufficient to reach water framework directive objectives for nitrate pollution. Land management measures involving targeted setting aside of croplands is a promising solution, but its efficiency depends on the local context. We used a distributed agro-hydrological model to compare management interventions intended to decrease vertical and lateral nitrate leaching from soil to groundwater and stream water in two contrasted agricultural catchments. The simulated scenarios combined two strategies: optimization of agricultural practices and land-use conversion from agricultural to natural land at different locations within the catchments. Long- term climate, discharge, and nitrate concentrations have been monitored for the two catchments and agricultural practices are well known over the 13-year simulation period (2002-2015). The Kervidy-Naizin site (KN) is subject to intense livestock pressure with mean nitrogen inputs of 257 kg ha(-1) year while the Aurade site (AU) is primarily cereal cultivation with nitrogen inputs of 109 kg ha(-1) year(-1). The results highlight a large nitrogen legacy in KN, resulting in a progressive and long lived (> 10 years) response to changes in management, while in AU, this response is perceptible after only 5-7 years. For both catchments, the most effective scenario involves wide riparian buffer strips in interception position covering about 15% of the catchment area. In KN, this land conversion scenario, simulated with the agro-hydrological model TNT2, created a decrease of nitrate concentration in stream water by 25% versus 15% in AU. Contrastingly, the implementation of best management practices decreased stream nitrate concentration only by 9% for KN and 4% for AU.
Plan de classementPédologie [068] ; Pollution [038] ; Sciences du monde végétal [076]
Descr. géo.FRANCE ; BRETAGNE ; GASCOGNE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010075628]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010075628
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010075628

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