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Cotovicz L. C. C., Knoppers B. A., Deirmendjian L., Abril Gwenaël. (2019). Sources and sinks of dissolved inorganic carbon in an urban tropical coastal bay revealed by delta C-13-DIC signals. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 220, 185-195. ISSN 0272-7714

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2019.02.048

Titre
Sources and sinks of dissolved inorganic carbon in an urban tropical coastal bay revealed by delta C-13-DIC signals
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000464488000017
AuteursCotovicz L. C. C., Knoppers B. A., Deirmendjian L., Abril Gwenaël.
SourceEstuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 2019, 220, p. 185-195. ISSN 0272-7714
RésuméDissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), its stable isotope composition (delta C-13-DIC) and ancillary parameters of the water column were investigated in a eutrophic tropical marine-dominated estuary surrounded by a large urban area (Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Most negative delta C-13-DIC signatures (down to -6.1 parts per thousand) were found in polluted regions affected by direct sewage discharges where net heterotrophy induces high partial pressure of CO2 (pCO(2)) and DIC concentrations. Keeling plot was applied to this polluted region and determined the delta C-13-DIC sewage signature source of -12.2 parts per thousand, which is very consistent with isotopic signature found in wastewater treatment plans. These negative delta C-13-DIC signatures (i.e., DIC depleted in C-13) were restricted to the vicinity of urban outlets, whereas in the largest area of the bay delta C-13-DIC signatures were more positive (i.e., DIC enriched in C-13). The most positive delta C-13-DIC signatures (up to 4.6 parts per thousand) were found in surface waters dominated by large phytoplankton blooms, with positive correlation with chlorophyll a (Chl a). In the largest area of the bay, the preferential uptake of the lighter stable carbon isotope (C-12) during photosynthesis followed the Rayleigh distillation, and appeared as the most important driver of delta C-13-DIC variations. This reveals an important isotopic fractionation (epsilon) by phytoplankton due to successive algal blooms that has turned the remaining DIC pool enriched with the heavier stable carbon isotope (C-13). The calculated diel apparent epsilon showed higher values in the morning (18.7 parts per thousand-21.6 parts per thousand) and decreasing in the afternoon (6.8 parts per thousand-11.1 parts per thousand). epsilon was positively correlated to the pCO(2) (R-2 = 0.88, p = 0.005) and DIC concentrations (R-2 = 0.73, p = 0.02), suggesting a decline in carbon assimilation efficiency and decreasing uptake of the lighter carbon under CO2 limiting conditions. The eutrophic coastal waters of Guanabara Bay have delta C-13-DIC signatures well above that found in estuaries, shelf and ocean waters worldwide.
Plan de classementPollution [038] ; Ecologie, systèmes aquatiques [036] ; Urbanisation et sociétés urbaines [102]
Descr. géo.BRESIL ; RIO DE JANEIRO ; ATLANTIQUE ; GUANABARA BAIE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010075596]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010075596
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010075596

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