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Sternai P., Sue C., Husson L., Serpelloni E., Becker T. W., Willett S. D., Faccenna C., Di Giulio A., Spada G., Jolivet L., Valla P., Petit C., Nocquet Jean-Mathieu, Walpersdorf A., Castelltort S. (2019). Present-day uplift of the European Alps : evaluating mechanisms and models of their relative contributions. Earth-Science Reviews, 190, 589-604. ISSN 0012-8252

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2019.01.005

Titre
Present-day uplift of the European Alps : evaluating mechanisms and models of their relative contributions
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000462803000027
AuteursSternai P., Sue C., Husson L., Serpelloni E., Becker T. W., Willett S. D., Faccenna C., Di Giulio A., Spada G., Jolivet L., Valla P., Petit C., Nocquet Jean-Mathieu, Walpersdorf A., Castelltort S.
SourceEarth-Science Reviews, 2019, 190, p. 589-604. ISSN 0012-8252
RésuméRecent measurements of surface vertical displacements of the European Alps show a correlation between vertical velocities and topographic features, with widespread uplift at rates of up to similar to 2-2.5 mm/a in the North-Western and Central Alps, and 1 mm/a across a continuous region from the Eastern to the South-Western Alps. Such a rock uplift rate pattern is at odds with the horizontal velocity field, characterized by shortening and crustal thickening in the Eastern Alps and very limited deformation in the Central and Western Alps. Proposed mechanisms of rock uplift rate include isostatic response to the last deglaciation, long-term erosion, detachment of the Western Alpine slab, as well as lithospheric and surface deflection due to mantle convection. Here, we assess previous work and present new estimates of the contributions from these mechanisms. Given the large range of model estimates, the isostatic adjustment to deglaciation and erosion are sufficient to explain the full observed rate of uplift in the Eastern Alps, which, if correct, would preclude a contribution from horizontal shortening and crustal thickening. Alternatively, uplift is a partitioned response to a range of mechanisms. In the Central and Western Alps, the lithospheric adjustment to deglaciation and erosion likely accounts for roughly half of the rock uplift rate, which points to a noticeable contribution by mantle-related processes such as detachment of the European slab and/or asthenospheric upwelling. While it is difficult to independently constrain the patterns and magnitude of mantle contributions to ongoing Alpine vertical displacements at present, future data should provide additional insights. Regardless, interacting tectonic and surface mass redistribution processes, rather than an individual forcing, best explain ongoing Alpine elevation changes.
Plan de classementGéologie et formations superficielles [064] ; Géophysique interne [066]
Descr. géo.EUROPE ; ALPES
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010075560]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010075560
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010075560

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