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Dieulin Claudine, Mahé Gil, Paturel Jean-Emmanuel, Ejjiyar S., Tramblay Yves, Rouché Nathalie, El Mansouri B. (2019). A new 60-year 1940/1999 monthly-gridded rainfall data set for Africa. Water, 11 (2), art. 387 [17 p.]. ISSN 2073-4441

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.3390/w11020387

Titre
A new 60-year 1940/1999 monthly-gridded rainfall data set for Africa
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000460899600206
AuteursDieulin Claudine, Mahé Gil, Paturel Jean-Emmanuel, Ejjiyar S., Tramblay Yves, Rouché Nathalie, El Mansouri B.
SourceWater, 2019, 11 (2), p. art. 387 [17 p.]. p. art. 387 [17 p.] ISSN 2073-4441
RésuméThe African continent has a very low density of rain gauge stations, and long time-series for recent years are often limited and poorly available. In the context of global change, it is very important to be able to characterize the spatio-temporal variability of past rainfall, on the basis of datasets issued from observations, to correctly validate simulations. The quality of the rainfall data is for instance of very high importance to improve the efficiency of the hydrological modeling, through calibration/validation experiments. The HydroSciences Montpellier Laboratory (HSM) has a long experience in collecting and managing hydro-climatological data. Thus, HSM had initiated a program to elaborate a reference dataset, in order to build monthly rainfall grids over the African continent, over a period of 60 years (1940/1999). The large quantity of data collected (about 7000 measurement points were used in this project) allowed for interpolation using only observed data, with no statistical use of a reference period. Compared to other databases that are used to build the grids of the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) or the Climatic Research Unit of University of East Anglia, UK (CRU), the number of available observational stations was significantly much higher, including the end of the century when the number of measurement stations dropped dramatically, everywhere. Inverse distance weighed (IDW) was the chosen method to build the 720 monthly grids and a mean annual grid, from rain gauges. The mean annual grid was compared to the CRU grid. The grids were significantly different in many places, especially in North Africa, Sahel, the horn of Africa, and the South Western coast of Africa, with HSM_SIEREM data (database HydroSciences Montpellier_Systeme d'Information Environnementales pour les Ressources en Eau et leur Modelisation) being closer to the observed rain gauge values. The quality of the grids computed was checked, following two approachescross-validation of the two interpolation methods, ordinary kriging and inverse distance weighting, which gave a comparable reliability, with regards to the observed data, long time-series analysis, and analysis of long-term signals over the continent, compared to previous studies. The statistical tests, computed on the observed and gridded data, detected a rupture in the rainfall regime around 1979/1980, on the scale of the whole continent; this was congruent with the results in the literature. At the monthly time-scale, the most widely observed signal over the period of 1940/1999, was a significant decrease of the austral rainy season between March and May, which has not earlier been well-documented. Thus, this would lead to a further detailed climatological study from this HSM_SIEREM database.
Plan de classementHydrologie [062]
Descr. géo.AFRIQUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010075534]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010075534
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010075534

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