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Skau J. K. H., Grenov B., Chamnan C., Chea M., Wicringa F. T., Dijkhuizen M. A., Ritz C., Wells J. C., Berger Jacques, Filteau S., Roos N., Michaelsen K. F., Friis H. (2019). Stunting, wasting and breast-feeding as correlates of body composition in Cambodian children at 6 and 15 months of age. British Journal of Nutrition, 121 (6), 688-698. ISSN 0007-1145

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Titre
Stunting, wasting and breast-feeding as correlates of body composition in Cambodian children at 6 and 15 months of age
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000462637700010
AuteursSkau J. K. H., Grenov B., Chamnan C., Chea M., Wicringa F. T., Dijkhuizen M. A., Ritz C., Wells J. C., Berger Jacques, Filteau S., Roos N., Michaelsen K. F., Friis H.
SourceBritish Journal of Nutrition, 2019, 121 (6), p. 688-698. ISSN 0007-1145
RésuméThe study aimed at assessing stunting, wasting and breast-feeding as correlates of body composition in Cambodian children. As part of a nutrition trial (ISRCTN19918531), fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) were measured using H-2 dilution at 6 and 15 months of age. Of 419 infants enrolled, 98 % were breastfed, 15 % stunted and 4 % wasted at 6 months. At 15 months, 78 % were breastfed, 24 % stunted and 11 % wasted. Those not breastfed had lower FMI at 6 months but not at 15 months. Stunted children had lower FM at 6 months and lower FFM at 6 and 15 months compared with children with length-for-age z >= 0. Stunting was not associated with height-adjusted indexes fat mass index (FMI) or fat-free mass index (FFMI). Wasted children had lower FM, FFM, FMI and FFMI at 6 and 15 months compared with children with weight-for-length z (WLZ) >= 0. Generally, FFM and FFMI deficits increased with age, whereas FM and FMI deficits decreased, reflecting interactions between age and WLZ. For example, the FFM deficits were -0 center dot 99 (95 % CI -1 center dot 26, -0 center dot 72) kg at 6 months and -1 center dot 44 (95 % CI -1 center dot 69; -1 center dot 19) kg at 15 months (interaction, P<0 center dot 05), while the FMI deficits were -2 center dot 12 (95 % CI -2 center dot 53, -1 center dot 72) kg/m(2) at 6 months and -1 center dot 32 (95 % CI -1 center dot 77, -0 center dot 87) kg/m(2) at 15 months (interaction, P<0 center dot 05). This indicates that undernourished children preserve body fat at the detriment of fat-free tissue, which may have long-term consequences for health and working capacity.
Plan de classementNutrition, alimentation [054]
Descr. géo.CAMBODGE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010075528]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010075528
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010075528

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