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Abassi M. M., Sassi S., El Ati J., Ben Gharbia H., Delpeuch Francis, Traissac Pierre. (2019). Gender inequalities in diet quality and their socioeconomic patterning in a nutrition transition context in the Middle East and North Africa: a cross-sectional study in Tunisia. Nutrition Journal, 18, art. 18 [15 p.]. ISSN 1475-2891

Fichier PDF disponiblehttp://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers19-04/010075516.pdf[ PDF Link ]

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1186/s12937-019-0442-6

Titre
Gender inequalities in diet quality and their socioeconomic patterning in a nutrition transition context in the Middle East and North Africa: a cross-sectional study in Tunisia
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000462180800001
AuteursAbassi M. M., Sassi S., El Ati J., Ben Gharbia H., Delpeuch Francis, Traissac Pierre.
SourceNutrition Journal, 2019, 18, p. art. 18 [15 p.]. p. art. 18 [15 p.] ISSN 1475-2891
RésuméBackgroundIn a context of nutrition transition and major shifts in lifestyle and diet, the Middle East and North Africa features a marked gender excess adiposity gap detrimental to women. In this setting, where gender issues are especially acute, we investigated gender differences in dietary intake with a focus on diet quality, and how the differences varied with the area of residence and socio-demographic characteristics.MethodsThe study was conducted in 2009-2010 in the Greater Tunis region (Tunisia), as a case study of an advanced nutrition transition context in the region. A cross-sectional survey used a random, stratified, clustered sample of households: 1689 women and 930 men aged 20-49years were analyzed. Dietary intake was assessed using a 3-day food record. Nutrient content was derived from a specific Tunisian food composition database. We analysed the Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I) and sub-scores (variety, adequacy, moderation and balance). A score of DQI-I>60 defined good diet quality. Inequality measures were women vs. men differences in means for interval variables and odds-ratios (OR) for DQI-I>60. Their variation with socio-demographic characteristics was estimated using models featuring gender x covariate interactions.ResultsMean energy intake/day was 230015kcal for women vs. 2859 +/- 32kcal for men. By 1000g/kcal/d women consumed more fruits and sweets but less red meat and soft drinks than men. Women had a higher mean moderation sub-score than men (+1.8[1.4, 2.2], P<0.0001) but lower variety (-2.0[-2.3, -1.6], P<0.0001) and adequacy (-1.8[-2.0, -1.5], P<0.0001). Thus, the overall mean DQI-I was lower among women than men (58.6 +/- 0.3 vs. 60.4 +/- 0.3, -1.8[-2.6, -1.0], P<0.0001) as was the proportion of DQI-I>60 (45.2% vs. 55.7%, OR=0.7[0.5, 0.8], P<0.0001). Adjusted gender differences in DQI-I decreased with age but were higher in larger households and extreme categories of education (no-schooling and university) vs. the middle categories.Conclusion In this nutrition transition context with only average diet quality, it was somewhat lower for women. Socioeconomic patterning of gender contrasts was mild. Beyond, that women had lower adequacy and variety scores but better moderation is a possible pathway for gender specific prevention messages.
Plan de classementNutrition, alimentation [054]
Descr. géo.TUNISIE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010075516]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010075516
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010075516

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