Horizon / Plein textes La base de ressources documentaires de l'IRD

IRD

 

Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Valls-Fox H., Chamaille-Jammes S., de Garine-Wichatitsky M., Perrotton A., Courbin N., Miguel Eve, Guerbois C., Caron A., Loveridge A., Stapelkamp B., Muzamba M., Fritz H. (2018). Water and cattle shape habitat selection by wild herbivores at the edge of a protected area. Animal Conservation, 21 (5), 365-375. ISSN 1367-9430

Accès réservé (Intranet IRD) Demander le PDF

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1111/acv.12403

Titre
Water and cattle shape habitat selection by wild herbivores at the edge of a protected area
Année de publication2018
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000452235300002
AuteursValls-Fox H., Chamaille-Jammes S., de Garine-Wichatitsky M., Perrotton A., Courbin N., Miguel Eve, Guerbois C., Caron A., Loveridge A., Stapelkamp B., Muzamba M., Fritz H.
SourceAnimal Conservation, 2018, 21 (5), p. 365-375. ISSN 1367-9430
RésuméUnderstanding the spatiotemporal dynamics of human-wildlife interfaces is important for the sustainable management of protected areas and wildlife conservation. We investigated the drivers of domestic and wild herbivore habitat selection at the edge of an unfenced protected area adjacent to Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. We used GPS data to quantify the movement patterns of elephant bulls, buffalo and cattle at multiple scales and according to seasonal changes of surface water availability. Cattle, elephant and buffalo prefer open grassland habitats found close to water but elephant and buffalo avoid cattle differently. During the rainy season, cattle enter the protected area daily; buffalo avoid cattle completely at the home range scale, whereas elephant bulls avoid cattle at finer scales by favoring temporal niche shift. Elephant bulls avoid direct encounters with cattle (or people) during the day but come closer to the boundary and to water at night when cattle are kept in enclosures close to the homesteads. During the dry season, when cattle range further into the protected area in search of forage, buffalo and cattle spatial overlap increases as water dependence takes precedence over avoidance. Elephant bulls range closer to the boundary at night and increase the number of excursions into the Communal Area. Cattle herding creates a buffer zone between wildlife areas and human settlements because wild herbivores strongly avoid livestock and people. However, avoidance only lasts as long as resources are abundant. Our study suggests that long-term planning of both artificial water provisioning and traditional cattle herding practices could help maintaining spatial segregation and thus mitigate conservation conflicts such as pathogen transmission, crop raiding or livestock depredation.
Plan de classementSciences du monde animal [080] ; Etudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082]
Descr. géo.ZIMBABWE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010074746]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010074746
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010074746

Export des données

Disponibilité des documents

Télechargment fichier PDF téléchargeable

Lien sur le Web lien chez l'éditeur

Accès réservé en accès réservé

HAL en libre accès sur HAL


Accès aux documents originaux :

Le FDI est labellisé CollEx

Accès direct

Bureau du chercheur

Site de la documentation

Espace intranet IST (accès réservé)

Suivi des publications IRD (accès réservé)

Mentions légales

Services Horizon

Poser une question

Consulter l'aide en ligne

Déposer une publication (accès réservé)

S'abonner au flux RSS

Voir les tableaux chronologiques et thématiques

Centres de documentation

Bondy

Montpellier (centre IRD)

Montpellier (MSE)

Cayenne

Nouméa

Papeete

Abidjan

Dakar

Niamey

Ouagadougou

Tunis

La Paz

Quito