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Somda N. S. B., Rode B. S., Sawadogo P. S., Gnankine O., Maiga H., Fournet Florence, Lees R. S., Bouyer J., Gilles J., Sanon A., Diabate A., Dabire K. R. (2018). Ecology of reproduction of Anopheles arabiensis in an urban area of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso (West Africa) : monthly swarming and mating frequency and their relation to environmental factors. PLoS One, 13 (11), e0205966 [17 p.]. ISSN 1932-6203

Fichier PDF disponiblehttp://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers18-11/010074418.pdf[ PDF Link ]

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0205966

Titre
Ecology of reproduction of Anopheles arabiensis in an urban area of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso (West Africa) : monthly swarming and mating frequency and their relation to environmental factors
Année de publication2018
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000449379500037
AuteursSomda N. S. B., Rode B. S., Sawadogo P. S., Gnankine O., Maiga H., Fournet Florence, Lees R. S., Bouyer J., Gilles J., Sanon A., Diabate A., Dabire K. R.
SourcePLoS One, 2018, 13 (11), p. e0205966 [17 p.]. p. e0205966 [17 p.] ISSN 1932-6203
RésuméSwarming is a key part of the natural system of reproduction of anopheline mosquito populations, and a better understanding of swarming and mating systems in a targeted species in its natural habitat would contribute to better design control strategies with a greater chance of success. Our study investigated the monthly occurrence of swarming and the mating frequency (within swarms) of Anopheles arabiensis in Dioulassoba, Burkina Faso and their relationship with local environmental factors. Mosquitoes collected from swarms were described in terms of body size, recent sugar meal intake, and female repletion, insemination, and Plasmodium falciparum infection status. Swarms of An. arabiensis were found in each month of the year. Both start and end times of swarming varied significantly between months, correlating with the time of sunset. Swarming mostly started after or coincided with sunset from late July to early October but occurred before sunset from late October to early July. Swarming duration, the number of mosquitoes and mating pairs per swarm, and time to first mating were significantly different between months in an inverse relationship with the monthly rainfall. The number of mating pairs was strongly and positively correlated with swarm size. Almost all the females caught in copula were inseminated but a very few were blood fed; no P. falciparum infection was observed. Males caught in copula and in solo were similar in body size and in the proportion which had taken a recent sugar meal. Our investigations showed that An. arabiensis reproductive activities are most frequent during the dry season, suggesting either the species' preference for dry climatic conditions or a lack of available breeding sites during the rainy season due to the seasonal flooding in this area. Targeting interventions to kill mosquitoes in swarms or to achieve an over-flooding ratio of sterile males during the rainy season would increase their efficiency in reducing the population density of this vector.
Plan de classementEntomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052] ; Urbanisation et sociétés urbaines [102]
Descr. géo.BURKINA FASO ; ZONE SOUDANOGUINEENNE ; BOBO DIOULASSO
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010074418]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010074418
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010074418

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