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Akhoudas C., Chevalier N., Blanc-Valleron M. M., Klein V., Mendez-Millan Mercedes, Demange J., Dalliah S., Rommevaux V., Boudouma O., Pierre C., Ruffine L. (2018). Methane-derived stromatolitic carbonate crust from an active fluid seepage in the western basin of the Sea of Marmara : mineralogical, isotopic and molecular geochemical characterization. Deep-Sea Research Part II :Topical Studies in Oceanography, 153 (SI), 110-120. ISSN 0967-0645

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2017.12.022

Titre
Methane-derived stromatolitic carbonate crust from an active fluid seepage in the western basin of the Sea of Marmara : mineralogical, isotopic and molecular geochemical characterization
Année de publication2018
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000449444700009
AuteursAkhoudas C., Chevalier N., Blanc-Valleron M. M., Klein V., Mendez-Millan Mercedes, Demange J., Dalliah S., Rommevaux V., Boudouma O., Pierre C., Ruffine L.
SourceDeep-Sea Research Part II :Topical Studies in Oceanography, 2018, 153 (SI), p. 110-120. ISSN 0967-0645
RésuméCold seeps along the North Anatolian fault in the Sea of Marmara (Turkey) were explored during submersible dives of the Marsite cruise in November 2014 when sediments, pore waters and carbonate crusts were sampled at active fluid seeping sites. In this study, we investigate the mineralogy, carbon and oxygen isotopic compositions and the lipid biomarkers of a carbonate crust from the western Tekirdag basin of the Sea of Marmara. This crust exhibits a laminated domal structure that resembles stromatolite. The mineralogy of authigenic seep-carbonate is mostly represented by aragonite associated with minor amounts of high-magnesian calcite. The abundance of pyrite associated with the authigenic seep-carbonate points to very intense bacterial sulfate reduction. The carbon ( - 42.6 parts per thousand to - 34.4 parts per thousand) and oxygen ( - 1.5 parts per thousand to +1.1 parts per thousand) isotopic compositions of the authigenic seep-carbonate crust indicate that carbonate precipitation was related to anaerobic oxidation of methane and occurred in mixtures of bottom seawater with brackish water expelled from the underlying sediments. Abundant microbial lipid biomarkers with negative delta C-13 values ( - 121 parts per thousand to - 96 parts per thousand), confirm that anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) coupled with sulfate reduction, was mediated by methanotrophic archaea (ANME) and sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB). Diagnostic lipid fingerprints indicate that ANME-2 archaea and associated SRB were the prevalent AOM-mediating consortia, which characterize moderate to high methane flow at this site. Moreover, changes in microbial lipid distribution within the carbonate crust suggest a variation in the intensity of methane emission.
Plan de classementLimnologie physique / Océanographie physique [032] ; Ecologie, systèmes aquatiques [036] ; Géologie et formations superficielles [064] ; Biotechnologies [084]
Descr. géo.TURQUIE ; MARMARA MER
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010074393]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010074393
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010074393

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