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Le Croizier G., Schaal G., Point David, Le Loc'h François, Machu Eric, Fall M., Munaron Jean-Marie, Boye A., Walter P., Laë Raymond, Tito de Morais Luis. (2019). Stable isotope analyses revealed the influence of foraging habitat on mercury accumulation in tropical coastal marine fish. Science of the Total Environment, 650 (2), 2129-2140. ISSN 0048-9697

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.330

Titre
Stable isotope analyses revealed the influence of foraging habitat on mercury accumulation in tropical coastal marine fish
Année de publication2019
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000447871400046
AuteursLe Croizier G., Schaal G., Point David, Le Loc'h François, Machu Eric, Fall M., Munaron Jean-Marie, Boye A., Walter P., Laë Raymond, Tito de Morais Luis.
SourceScience of the Total Environment, 2019, 650 (2), p. 2129-2140. ISSN 0048-9697
RésuméBioaccumulation of toxic metal elements including mercury (Hg) can be highly variable in marine fish species. Metal concentration is influenced by various species-specific physiological and ecological traits, including individual diet composition and foraging habitat. The impact of trophic ecology and habitat preference on Hg accumulation was analyzed through total Hg concentration and stable isotope ratios of carbon (delta C-13) and nitrogen (delta N-15) in the muscle of 132 fish belonging to 23 different species from the Senegalese coast (West Africa), where the marine ecosystem is submitted to nutrient inputs from various sources such as upwelling or rivers. Species-specific ecological traits were first investigated and results showed that vertical (i.e. water column distribution) and horizontal habitat (i.e. distance from the coast) led to differential Hg accumulation among species. Coastal and demersal fish were more contaminated than offshore and pelagic species. Individual characteristics therefore revealed an increase of Hg concentration in muscle that paralleled trophic level for some locations. Considering all individuals, the main carbon source was significantly correlated with Hg concentration, again revealing a higher accumulation for fish foraging in nearshore and benthic habitats. The large intraspecific variability observed in stable isotope signatures highlights the need to conduct ecotoxicological studies at the individual level to ensure a thorough understanding of mechanisms driving metal accumulation in marine fish. For individuals from a same species and site, Hg variation was mainly explained by fish length, in accordance with the bioaccumulation of Hg over time. Finally, Hg concentrations in fish muscle are discussed regarding their human health impact. No individual exceeded the current maximum acceptable limit for seafood consumption set by both the European Union and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. However, overconsumption of some coastal demersal species analyzed here could be of concern regarding human exposure to mercury.
Plan de classementEcologie, systèmes aquatiques [036] ; Pollution [038] ; Ressources halieutiques [040]
Descr. géo.SENEGAL ; SAINT-LOUIS ; DAKAR ; SALOUM ; CASAMANCE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010074333]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010074333
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010074333

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