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Wotodjo A. N., Doucoure S., Diagne N., Sarr F. D., Parola P., Gaudart J., Sokhna Cheikh. (2018). Another challenge in malaria elimination efforts : the increase of malaria among adults after the implementation of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) in Dielmo, Senegal. Malaria Journal, 17, art. 384 [9 p.]. ISSN 1475-2875

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Titre
Another challenge in malaria elimination efforts : the increase of malaria among adults after the implementation of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) in Dielmo, Senegal
Année de publication2018
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000448392400001
AuteursWotodjo A. N., Doucoure S., Diagne N., Sarr F. D., Parola P., Gaudart J., Sokhna Cheikh.
SourceMalaria Journal, 2018, 17, p. art. 384 [9 p.]. p. art. 384 [9 p.] ISSN 1475-2875
RésuméBackground: The widespread use of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) and long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) has led to an impressive decrease of malaria burden these recent years in Africa. However, some new challenges about the future of malaria control and elimination efforts have appeared. Among these challenges, the loss and-or-the only partial acquisition of anti-Plasmodium immunity among exposed populations lead to an increase of the age at risk of malaria. Indeed, older children and adults may become more vulnerable to malaria. Studies about malaria among adults seemed, therefore, important. This study investigated the evolution of malaria morbidity in adults of Dielmo (Senegal) before and after the implementation of LLINs. Methods: From August 2007 to July 2015, a longitudinal study involving adults above 15 years old was carried out in Dielmo, where ACT was introduced in June 2006 and LLINs in July 2008. In July 2011 and August 2014, all LLINs were renewed. The presence of each person in the village was monitored daily. Thick smears associated lately with rapid diagnosis test (RDT) and quantitative polymerase chain reaction methods were performed for all cases of fever. To assess malaria prevalence, thick smears and RDT were performed quarterly in all individuals. Malaria risks factors were assessed using negative binomial regression mixed-model based on person-trimester observations. Results: Malaria morbidity among adults has decreased significantly since the implementation of LLINs in Dielmo. However, malaria resurgences have occurred twice during the 7 years of LLINs use. During these malaria resurgences, the overall incidence of malaria among adults was similar to the incidence during the year before the implementation of LLINs (adjusted incidence rate ratio [95% CI] aIRR = 1.04 [0.66-1.64], p = 0.88 and aIRR = 1.16 [0.74-1.80], p = 0.52 during the first and the second malaria resurgence period, respectively). Younger adults were most vulnerable during these malaria upsurges as the incidence of malaria increased significantly among them (chi(2) = 5.2; p = 0.02). Conclusion: Malaria among adults especially younger adults should deserve more attention in the areas where malaria was previously endemic as they became vulnerable probably because of the partial acquisition and-or-the loss of anti-Plasmodium relative immunity and the non regular use of LLINs.
Plan de classementSanté : aspects socioculturels, économiques et politiques [056] ; Entomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052] ; Démographie [108]
Descr. géo.SENEGAL ; DIELMO
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010074318]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010074318
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010074318

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